Earthworms born in simulated Martian environment



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  Life on Mars: Earthworms born in a simulated Mars environment

and or can be seen as garden insects, but earthworms are vital to the survival of any ecosystem. According to a new study, the angular worms are capable of reproducing in a Mars-like environment, a significant discovery that helps the investigation of crops on Mars. Today, scientists have observed that worms can reproduce on Martian soil for the first time. The verdicts recommend that the worms could reproduce on the red planet, in what is a significant step towards the colonization of Mars.

Researchers from Wageningen University conducted an experiment that resembles life on Mars and showed that two young earthworms were born in Martian soil. The invention follows a study conducted by the same team last year in which several vegetables They were harvested from the same soil. The study's lead author, Dr. Wieger Wamelink, found the worms on a Mars floor similar to the one he borrowed from NASA. The surface of Mars is covered with sand and dust, formed by the erosion of igneous rocks rich in iron, identical to the basalt known as & # 39; Regolito & # 39 ;. This material can be granular, fine or powdery. The NASA soil simulator emerges from a volcano in Hawaii and Dr. Wamelink has been building a spacecraft to which worms have been added along with pig mud that imitates human waste.

Dr. Wamelink stated that the worms were from my garden! But he was surprised when he discovered a couple of newcomers, who had not expected it at all. Dr. Wamelink stated that the fertilizer stimulated growth especially in the soil simulator of Mars and we saw that the worms were active. However, the best surprise came at the end of the investigation when we noticed two young worms in the simulant of the soil of Mars.

Dr. Wamelink said that human feces and urine would also have to be accepted to fertilize the soil, however it is being used for functional and safety reasons, to feed humans on the red planet, an agricultural ecosystem sustainable is essential, and worms will play an important role as they degrade and recycle dead organic matter. The soil of Mars even defeated the silvery sand, a fine white sand used by gardeners on Earth. His team combined the organic matter from the previous badyzes with the grains of sand and the fertilizer with a sample of the pots. Then, after the germination in the rocket, they put the worms.

Dr. Wamelink continued that, consequently, we finished with pots with all possible combinations, except the essential material that was added to all the pots. Dr. Wamelink's experiments are important to discover if people can stay alive on the red planet by growing their crops. Worms are required for healthy soil not only on Earth but also in future interior gardens on the red planet or the moon.

 mars worm plants in pots

They increase in dead organic matter as the old remains of plants that eat, chew and mix with the soil before they eliminate it. This still includes organic matter that is further broken down by bacteria that supply nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potbadium for use by plants. When digging holes, worms also aerate and improve soil structure, making watering plants more efficient. The end proved to be very important in the initial investigations where water was not limited to penetrate the soil. Dr. Wamelink stated that the worms would solve this problem.

He said that research began in 2013. Today we can grow more than a dozen species, the only species that has resisted our efforts so far is spinach. Crops such as green beans, peas, tomatoes, radishes, potatoes, carrots and garden cress all seem feasible. The cultures were examined in search of heavy metals and also alkaloids to verify their safety for human consumption. After pbading these tests, we organized a dinner based on harvested crops for the people who helped our research through crowdfunding operations.

Tags: earthworm, life on Mars, Mars, red planet

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