Earth has now had 33 years of rising temperatures and above average. According to recent reports of the monthly report on the global climate of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, this is the 400th consecutive month of monthly averages warmer than usual.
The last time the Earth had a colder month than the average was in 1984, when the president of the United States, Ronald Reagan, was in charge for his second term, and the personal computer Apple Macintosh had just left for sale.
The NOAA report also says that the month of April had the third highest temperature of any April in the recorded history of NOAA. NOAA began collecting climate data in 1880.
Researchers around the world have no problem pinpointing specific causes, namely the human impact on global climate change.
"It is mainly due to anthropogenic warming (caused by humans)," NOAA climatologist Ahira Sánchez told CNN. "Climate change is real, and we will continue to see an increase in global temperatures in the future."
While efforts have been made to reduce CO2 emissions in general, there are still setbacks for supporters of fossil fuels. There is also an increasing dependence on fossil fuels from developing countries with rapidly expanding populations, economies and technologies. However, these developing nations still do not use as many fossil fuels compared to world powers like the USA. UU
"We live and share a world that is unequivocal, appreciable and consistently warmer than a few decades ago, and our world continues to heat up," said NOAA climate scientist Deke Arndt. "Speeding for a sign of & # 39; 400 only emphasizes that, but does not prove anything new."
Climatologists have used the 20th century average as a reference point for their measurements. This allows them to "publish objectives" when they examine climate data. This type of benchmarking also gives them the opportunity to account for climate variability.
"What really matters is that, whatever the metric, we have spent every month for several decades on the warm side of any reasonable reference," Arndt said.
These rising global temperatures have affected certain areas with greater intensity than others, the detailed report. The heat was more unusually concentrated in Europe. The continent had its warmest April in recorded history. The heat wave also affected Australia and gave it its second warmest month ever recorded.
There were even particular portions of Asia that saw extreme heat. A particular case was in southern Pakistan. The city of Nawabsha reached an incredibly high 122.4 degrees Fahrenheit (approximately 50.5 degrees Celsius) on April 30. Climatologists are trying to determine if this is the highest temperature recorded in April for the entire planet.
There was also another milestone detailed in NOAA's monthly report. Carbon dioxide readings, the gas most related to global warming, reached their highest levels in recorded history. Carbon dioxide now has more than 410 parts per million. The NOAA figures are not the only ones that take advantage of this new data. According to the Scripps Institute of Oceanography, this high amount of carbon dioxide is the highest amount it has been in the last 800,000 years, comparing modern numbers with those found through extensive climatological research.