The use of commercial drones for deliveries and services is set to clear a major hurdle in the US as new requirements this week with a digital license plate to help ensure the most device security and prevent misuse Also transmit a radio beacon.
All but the smallest drones must transmit a radio signal, so that they can be identified and their status under the new Federal Aviation Administration rules according to the summary of action reviewed by Bloomberg News.
The new rules, which go into effect 30 months after the rule is final, are an important foundation before drone delivery and other commerce takes place. They mark the most significant regulatory expansion in drone capabilities as the devices first tricked into civilian markets starting over a decade ago.
“The rule is an essential building block to safely allow more complex drone operations,” the agency said in summary.
This action halts the rise in pilotless aircraft technology in the US, which has required an ID broadcast address from federal law enforcement and homeland security agencies to address concerns that increasingly capable flying machines are used for crime and terrorism Will go.
Several years ago the FAA was determined in some cases to extend drone flights on congestion and to allow it to be regular at night, but other agencies would not allow it to proceed with regulations unless it was equipment. Does not address growing concerns about abuse. . Separate rules for operating on congestion are also expected soon.
The FAA has not commented on its plans for the new regulation. The White House’s Office of Management and Budget reviewed the regulation on Wednesday, according to Website.
This will be the year before the swarms of drones still operated by companies Amazon.com Inc. The major air of Alphabet Inc Offshoot Wing and United Parcel Service Inc. discusses neighborhoods dropping packages. But the new regulations provide the industry with an important platform to move towards those goals.
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The public needs a robust drone tracking system to accept these new businesses, UPS Flight Forward commented on the proposal earlier this year. “If illegal and unsafe operators cannot be identified and prevented, trust in the system will be erased and voluntary compliance will be reduced,” the company wrote.
The new regulation would require drones weighing more than 0.55 pounds (0.25 kg) to transmit their identities over low-power radio frequencies such as Wi-Fi or Bluetooth. That way, police or other officers can monitor nearby drones.
According to the summary, civilian drones to be sold in the US must be equipped with such technology 18 months after the rules were finalized. Operators are not allowed to land without a working ID beacon.
Such systems also allow the withdrawal of existing drones.
The rule does not require that devices are transmitted over a signal that can be transmitted by mobile phone systems to a national tracking network, a measure that was originally included in a proposal. Unveiled last year.
Wing, Amazon and others keen to create a delivery business, had urged the FAA to track devices for such an internet-based national network.
Hobbyists flying the equipment may ask for an exemption to work without an ID beacon, so long as they are not flown into restricted areas approved by the FAA. Flying clubs like The Academy of Model Aeronautics and Educational Institutions may apply for such exemption.
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The FAA, while accepting requests from recreational users and industry groups, is adding privacy restrictions that would make it impossible for the public to identify the operator of the drone using ID beacons.
The FAA will keep that information confidential, it said in the summary, if it provides it to law enforcement and national security agencies. This is a departure from traditional aviation where the FAA’s flight-tracking data is generally public.
The new regulations are an attempt to address the explosion of drone use. The FAA had registered about 1 million recreational drone users and had 1.3 million devices compared to the previous year. An additional 385,000 commercial drones were registered with the agency according to its data.
At the same time, there has been an increase Reports of equipment flying dangerously close to conventional aircraft and helicopters – even Air Force One – and their cases are being used for drug smuggling or Terrorist attacks in other nations. National Transport Safety Board has It was concluded that the drones were involved in several confrontations between the US.
Because the rules were seen as helpful to the industry, broadly the concept received widespread support. However, the FAA is The proposal, released a year ago for ID Beacons, included more than 53,000 public comments as various components agreed on how it should be implemented.
Traditional amateurs have flown model aircraft for decades, some of which do not have electronics to support radio beacons, with thousands saying they were concerned that the rules would be too restrictive.
More recent recreational users flying smaller copters said they were concerned about withdrawing their aircraft or adding new requirements. Many also raised privacy concerns about how tracking information could be used.