Drinking water is depleted and Yemen is on the verge of another epidemic – tech2.org

Drinking water is depleted and Yemen is on the verge of another epidemic



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The cholera outbreak in Yemen is likely to worsen after a paralyzing import blockade.

Yemen: access to water. (Photo by ECHO / T. Deherman)

The Rundown

The cholera outbreak in Yemen is likely to get worse after a missile attack in Saudi Arabia, which spurred the Saudi-led coalition to decree a blockade Import paralyzing

Conditions in Yemen are collapsing. The cases of cholera, diphtheria and diarrhea are increasing. Health and sanitation services are decreasing. A growing number of civilians are running out of food and water.

The blockade began after a missile was launched from Yemen to Saudi Arabia on November 4. The energy needed to pump clean water in nine major cities has been exhausted, opening the door for another wave of disease.

"Aid agencies like ours and the UN can only provide a fraction of the food, fuel and water that is needed, it is imperative that commercial supplies can enter," said Carolina Anning, representative of Save the Children.

Since March 2015, a deadly civil war between Houthi rebels and a military coalition led by Saudi Arabia has devastated Yemen, leaving millions of Yemenis without food, water or medicine. In October 2016, cholera was detected in the capital city of Sana & # 39; a. The outbreak slowed after six months, but increased again in late April 2017, ten days after the capital's sewer system failed. The water-borne disease spread rapidly due to Yemen's devastated water, sanitation and hygiene infrastructure, soon becoming the largest recorded outbreak of cholera.

If the blockade continues, the fuel shortage could deprive 8 million civilians of clean water, according to a recent Oxfam report. Another 16 million Yemenis already lack access to drinking water, which means that more than 80 percent of the population could soon be without a safe and stable water supply.

Last week, the blockade eased slightly to allow for humanitarian relief in the country. But on Friday, Saudi Arabia said it had intercepted a second missile fired into the country by Houthi rebels in Yemen. The continuing unrest leaves the Saudi decision to alleviate or strengthen the uncertain import blockade. Two United Nations cargo ships full of wheat and sanitary supplies sit off the coast of the port of Al-Hodeidah, unable to dock.

By The Numbers [19659000] 959.810 Number of cholera cases reported since April 27, 2017, according to the latest WHO update. The total number of cases is expected to reach 1 million by the end of the year.

2.5 million Number of Yemenis without access to clean water after nine cities ran out of fuel needed to pump. Several health facilities have been forced to close due to water shortages.

750,000 liters Amount of diesel fuel that the Red Cross purchased to maintain water services in the cities of Hudaydah and Taiz. The organization described the movement as "exceptional and unsustainable".

7 million Number of people at imminent risk of starvation due to blockage of imports. Yemen could face the world's worst famine in decades if commercial imports are not allowed in the country soon.

50,000 Number of Yemeni children expected to die of starvation and disease by the end of the year. [19659011] Resources and additional reading

Cholera cases in Yemen (World Health Organization)
The horrors of the cholera spiral in Yemen (BBC)
Million Yemeni days far from losing clean drinking water (Relief Web)
Devastated by cholera, Yemen faces the second preventable plague: Diphtheria (The New York Times)
Red Cross was forced to buy emergency fuel in Yemen due to Saudi Blockade (The Independent)
Saudi Arabia & # 39; intercepts another Houthi missile & # 39; (Al Jazeera)
Saudi Arabia lifted its blockade of Yemen. It is not enough to avoid hunger. (The Washington Post)
Saudi Liberation from Yemen's Siege "No Reasons for Celebration" (Al Jazeera)
Yemen: Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin for Cholera Response: W47 2017 (20 to 26 November) [19659027] (Relief Web)
Yemen "one of the most dangerous places in the world" for children: UN (ABC News)
Yemen War: ICRC buys fuel to pump water in cities affected (BBC))

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