And all general alcohol consumption recommendations – one drink per day for women and two per day for men, according to the latest CDC guidelines – are for healthy adults over 21. What if you have chronic disease?
In conjunction with the American Heart Association, researchers studied the association between alcohol consumption and blood pressure in more than 10,000 adults with type 2 diabetes. American and Canadian participants, with an average age of 63 years, were all enrolled in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial, a large trial to limit the risk of heart disease in adults with type 2 diabetes Comparing treatment options. Worth noting: Each participant was selected because he or she was at high risk for cardiac challenges because of one or several of the associated risk factors, including the following issues:
- Pre-existing heart disease
- Some evidence of possible heart disease
- At least two additional risk factors for heart disease (eg high cholesterol or blood pressure, current smoker, obesity, etc.).
Related: A new study suggests that moderate drinking should be taken for better feeling in older people
People reported their alcohol consumption – so note that there may be slight discrepancies in what people count as a drink (ahem, an in-shape cosmo!), But they were called Went to share their consumption as much as possible. right. As a refresher, “one drink” is a 12-ounce beer, 5-ounce glass of wine, or 1 or ounce hard liquor. They can then reduce their consumption as follows:
- No one
- Light, or 1 to 7 drinks per week
- Medium or 8 to 14 drinks per week
- Heavy, or 15 or more drinks per week
The study, which was published yesterday Journal of the American Heart Association, found that Drinking medium-eight or more alcoholic drinks each week may increase the risk of hypertension in adults with type-2 diabetes.
Any or light drink did not affect blood pressure, while moderate alcohol drinking increased the likelihood of hypertension by 79%. Heavy drinking was associated with an increased blood pressure probability of up to 91%. The more ounces of alcohol the participants had on drinking light alcohol, the higher their risk and severity for hypertension.
“Although mild to moderate alcohol consumption may have a positive effect on heart health in the general adult population, both moderate and heavy alcohol intake appears to be independently associated with high odds of hypertension in people with type 2 diabetes , ”Said senior study author Matthew J. Singleton, MD, MBE, MHS, M.Sc., Chief Electrophysiology fellow at Wake Forest University School of Medicine in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, in a press release. “Lifestyle modifications, including reducing alcohol consumption, can be considered in patients with type 2 diabetes, especially if they are having problems controlling their body pressure.”
As a result, the American Heart Association recommends that people with type 2 diabetes should not drink one or one drink per day. For the general population who do not have type 2, they suggest consuming boo in moderation, if at all. (And safely at the designated driver or home, of course.)