From VOA Learning English, this is the health and lifestyle report.
Throughout the coronavirus health crisis, health officials around the world have been advising people to take important precautions to protect yourself.
We have been asked to wash our hands frequently and properly. We have also been urged to keep socially distant from outsiders. House. And one of the most important precautions, of course, is to wear a face mask.
But as the pandemic continues, some people are now wondering: Can it be used two Do masks provide more protection against the virus? The quick answer is: it depends.
Some health experts say that folding masks may help in some situations.
One of those experts is Dr. David Hamer. He is an infectious disease expert from Boston University. Wearing just a mask should be sufficient for most situations, Hamer told The Associated Press. But the mask must fit well, he adds, and not be loose.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends wearing a cloth mask made of two or more layers. The mask, adds the health agency, should cover both the nose and the mouth. And it should fit comfortably in the face.
But even with the best-fitting mask, some people may want additional protection in some situations. For example, people who are at risk of serious illness if they become infected with the coronavirus may want to wear two masks. People may also want to double up if they plan to be around other people for long periods of time indoors or need to be in an enclosed area, such as on an airplane.
In high-risk situations, another expert suggests wearing a cloth mask in addition to surgical mask. Dr. Monica Gandhi is an infectious disease expert at the University of California, San Francisco.
She says wearing a surgical cloth and mask, with either mask on top, could offer greater protection against coronavirus. Wearing the two masks that way, Gandhi adds, could have a similar effect to wearing an N95 mask.
N95 masks are a type of personal protective equipment designed for healthcare and medical workers. first responders. The CDC does not suggest that the general public wear N95 masks.
Gandhi also advises the use of additional protection for people who will be indoors in areas where infection rates are high.
Offers another suggestion for situations in which a person wishes to receive the highest level of protection possible: a two-layer fabric mask that has a filter material in the middle.
For people who wear single-cloth masks for everyday wear, Gandhi has an important tip: Make sure the cloth is made of tissue material. She says that the mask must also have at least two layers. Layers and tight tissue make it difficult for virus-carrying particles to pass through the material.
And that’s the health and lifestyle report. I am Anna Matteo.
Associated Press reporters wrote this story. Anna Matteo adapted it for VOA Learning English. Bryan Lynn was the editor.
Words in this story
caution – n. a measure taken beforehand to prevent damage or to secure good
House – n. people in a family or other group who live together in a house
mask – n. a cover used to hide or disguise your face
loose – adj. of clothes : does not fit close to your body : not tight
cap – n. a piece of covering material or a part that sits above or below another
comfortably – adv. fitting closely and comfortably
surgical mask – n. a rectangular-shaped mask (made of fabric or polypropylene fiber) that is generally secured by two straps tied at the back of the head and is designed to be worn by medical personnel during surgical procedures, especially to protect the user from splashes or splashes blood or body fluids and to prevent contamination of the patient’s surgical wounds
first responder – n. a person (such as a police officer or EMT) who is among those responsible for immediately going to the scene of an accident or emergency to provide assistance
filter – n. a device used to remove something unwanted from a liquid or gas that passes through it
tissue – adj. to form (like cloth) by tying strands of material