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Discovery of Easter Island: experts solve mysterious ancient monuments



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Experts have discovered more secrets of the mysterious ancient monuments on Easter Island.

The famous statues, or moai, are supported by monumental platforms called ahu. However, researchers have wondered why the monuments were located in specific places on the island.

Now, a team of experts has taken advantage of spatial modeling techniques to solve the relationship between the construction of ahu and natural resources on Easter Island or Rapa Nui. They discovered that the ahu were built near fresh water sources, which are limited on the island.

THE MYSTERY OF THE ISLAND OF PASCUA WAS RESOLVED: HOW THE GREAT "HATS" OF THE STONE WERE PLACED IN ANTIQUE STATUES

"The issue of water availability (or the lack of it) has often been mentioned by researchers working in Rapa Nui / Easter Island," said Carl Lipo, an anthropologist at Binghamton University, State University of New York, it's a statement. "When we began to examine the details of hydrology, we began to notice that access to fresh water and the location of the statues were closely linked, it was not obvious when walking around, with the water emerging on the coast at low tide. You do not do it, you do not necessarily see obvious water indications. "

Stock Photo - Statues on Anakena beach, Easter Island, Chile.

Stock Photo – Statues on Anakena beach, Easter Island, Chile.
(Photo by Eric LAFFORGUE / Gamma-Rapho through Getty Images)

"The places without ahu / moai did not show fresh water," he added. "The pattern was surprising and surprising in its consistency."

Researchers had already identified the discharge of groundwater in coastal areas as a key factor in the location of statues on the coast of Easter Island. In the last stage of the research, the experts examined how the availability of fresh water in certain areas was related to the methods and means to build the statues.

ANCIENT CIVILIZATION OF THE ISLAND OF PASCUA WAS NOT DESTROYED BY THE WAR, THE EXPERTS SAY

Around 900 statues, or moai, are distributed around Easter Island.

Circa 1955: Two ancient statues of uncertain origin on Easter Island, in the South Pacific Ocean.

Circa 1955: Two ancient statues of uncertain origin on Easter Island, in the South Pacific Ocean.
(Photo by Richard Harrington / Three Lions / Getty Images)

"The monuments and statues are located in places with access to a critical resource for the islanders on a daily basis: fresh water," said Terry Hunt, of the University of Arizona, in the statement. "In this way, the monuments and statues of" The deified ancestors of the islanders reflect generations of sharing, perhaps daily, focusing on water, but also on food, family and social ties, as well as cultural tradition that reinforces the knowledge of the precarious sustainability of the island ".

Hunt observed that the island's cooperative culture can explain how the islanders survived for centuries despite limited natural resources.

ANCIENT CIVILIZATION OF THE ISLAND OF PASCUA WAS NOT DESTROYED BY THE WAR, THE EXPERTS SAY

Researchers have compiled complete data for the western part of Easter Island and plan to complete a full survey of the famous site.

Hoa Hakananai & # 39; a, from Orongo, Easter Island (Rapa Nui). The stone statues of human figures of Easter Island, known as moai, were probably carved to commemorate the important ancestors and were made from around 1000 AD until the second half of the seventeenth century. From the collection of the British Museum.

Hoa Hakananai & # 39; a, from Orongo, Easter Island (Rapa Nui). The stone statues of human figures of Easter Island, known as moai, were probably carved to commemorate the important ancestors and were made from around 1000 AD until the second half of the seventeenth century. From the collection of the British Museum.
(Photo by CM Dixon / Print Collector / Getty Images)

Experts from the University of Oregon, the Pennsylvania State University, the University of Auckland and the California State University, Long Beach also participated in the research. The article was published in Plos One magazine.

The remote Pacific island, located more than 2,000 miles off the coast of Chile, continues to be a source of fascination for historians. Last year, researchers, including experts from Binghamton University, discovered how ancient islanders could place huge stone hats on statues.

DISCOVERY OF THE EASTER ISLAND: EXPERTS DISCOVER THE MYSTERY OF OLD STATUES

In 2016, research on artifacts on the island questioned the theory that the ancient civilization there was destroyed by war.

Stock Photo: an old woman sitting seated next to a large stone or moai statue of Easter Island on display at the British Museum in London, 1967.

Stock Photo: an old woman sitting seated next to a large stone or moai statue of Easter Island on display at the British Museum in London, 1967.
(Photo by Romano Cagnoni / Hulton Archive / Getty Images)

Experts, also from the University of Binghamton, studied hundreds of ancient items found on the shores of Easter Island. Previously, it was thought that the artifacts were spear points, but the analysis reveals that they were probably general-purpose tools.

Carved in obsidian, or volcanic glass, thousands of triangular objects, known as mata & a, cover the surface of the island.

PROJECT OF ARCHEOLOGY OF THE ISLAND OF PASCUA DIGING THE SECRETS OF THE ISLAND

Some scientists have estimated that, at its peak, the population of Easter Island may have been as high as 20,000, but fell for centuries after the trees and palm trees of the island were cut down to build canoes and transport their famous statues. giants One theory suggests that deforestation led to soil erosion, which affected the island's ability to support wildlife and agriculture, and the collapse of its civilization.

When the Dutch arrived on the island in 1722, its population was 3,000 or less. Only 111 inhabitants lived on Easter Island in 1877.

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However, other experts have questioned whether Easter Island ever supported a large population, citing the arrival of Europeans, who contracted diseases and took the islanders as slaves.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

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