Dieting and exercising, but still not losing weight? These health conditions are the culprits | fitness

In addition to a structured weight loss plan, you need a proper diet guide and a healthy body to lose weight. If you have been struggling to achieve your weight loss goals, maybe it's time to have it checked to detect some health conditions that could derail your best efforts.

Obesity is a complex disorder / disease that involves an excessive amount of fat in the body. It is not just a cosmetic concern. It increases the risk of diseases and health problems such as systemic heart disease, diabetes and blood pressure. There are genetic causes and behavioral causes badociated with obesity. In addition to lifestyle, unhealthy eating and inactivity, hormonal influences also lead to obesity.

In addition to this, there are certain medical conditions and medications that lead to weight gain. One of those causes is the reduced function of the thyroid glands, called hypothyroidism, which produces weight gain. Dr. Sheilja Singh, an internal medicine consultant at Hinduja Healthcare Surgical, Mumbai, says: "That's because the thyroid is a hormone badociated with basic metabolic activity." When the thyroid is produced in the correct proportion, we burn calories quickly On the other hand, very little hormone slows metabolism and often causes weight gain. "

PCOS is a hormonal disorder in which women have excessive levels of androgens in the body. They develop irregular menstrual cycles. "Hormonal disruption also affects metabolic activity.In addition to other symptoms such as abnormal hair growth and acne, women with PCOS tend to gain weight, especially in the abdomen," shares Dr. Vaishali Lokhande, medical consultant internal, Apollo Hospitals, Mumbai.

PCOS is a hormonal disorder in which women have excessive levels of androgens in the body.

When a person does little or no physical activity, he ends up with musculoskeletal problems. People who have osteoarthritis or arthritis due to other conditions have difficulty exercising and live a largely sedentary lifestyle. Dr. Singh says: "In addition, some medications for these conditions contribute to obesity, including steroids, antiepileptics, antipsychotics, and various antidepressants, all of which contribute to weight gain if not compensated by proper diet and exercise. "

Oral contraceptive pills increase the level of estrogen in the body which, in turn, could also cause weight gain. "The high level of estrogen contributes to fluid retention and a greater appetite, in addition to the deposition of fat, and is reversible if the pills are taken for a short duration," says Dr. Lokhande.

Lipodystrophy, which is badociated with the treatment of HIV, is related to unusual fat deposits. "This is a condition in which abnormal deposits of fat form around the upper part of the body, while fat loss occurs in the face area," says Dr. Lokhande.

Common conditions such as lack of sleep or obstructive sleep apnea also cause weight gain and obesity. When a person sleeps less than six hours a night, two hormones called leptin and grelin come into play. Leptin, secreted by the brain, gives you satiety. While the hormone grelin is secreted by the stomach, it causes food cravings. "When we sleep less, leptin is reduced, and so does satiety." In addition, grelin increases, because the person experiences frequent hunger. The choice of food in such cases tends to get worse. In this way, lack of sleep leads to obesity due to the imbalance of these two hormones, "explains Dr. Singh.

People who are obese and also those who snore tend to have a fragmented sleep. Oxygen tends to decrease due to a fragmented sleep that eventually also leads to an imbalance of these hormones, "says Dr. Singh.

Some medications used for migraine can generate weight gain, especially in young women." The results last as long as the medication continues, but sometimes the effects may be permanent, "adds Dr. Lokhande.

The feeling of" fullness "or satiety is controlled by a part of the brain called the hypothalamus. , many Indian children are forced to overeat, which eventually affects the satiety center in the hypothalamus. "A severely affected hypothalamus could lead to hipotal obesity disorder mica, which is when the body's metabolism is completely focused on storing weight, which leads to weight gain despite efforts to control weight through diet changes and exercise interventions. Hypothalamic disorder is sometimes badociated with brain surgery or hypothyroidism or acute damage to the brain, "explains Dr. Lokhande.

If you have reviewed all health problems and are still having difficulty losing weight, this is what could be going wrong.

All calories are not equal

"People who want to lose weight just pay attention to the number of calories, but do not think about where these calories are . from. Because the calories from eating nuts are better than drinking non-caloric soft drinks, "says Shilpi Mittal, nutritionist, 6 meals.

Fat diets

Many people follow fad diets without realizing it Whether it is good for your body or not. "Our body requires everything in proportion: proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Depriving our bodies of any of them could cause major problems. "

Focus on the balance

It could be frustrating if there are no changes in the balance despite your best efforts." But remember, weight is influenced by many factors such as fluid fluctuation, muscle mbad gain, etc. Measure the weight once every 10 days to avoid demotivation, "says Ami Turakhia, registered dietitian, diabetic educator, Founder Diet Castle.

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