North Korea has the largest modern-day slavery problem in the world, with one in ten affected people, according to a report presented Thursday at the United Nations by the foundation Walk Free .
] Most of these people in a situation of slavery in the Asian country are victims of the State, which has made forced labor a central part of its political system, says this Global Slavery Index 2018.
In total , Walk Free calculates that about 2.6 million North Koreans are victims of modern slavery although the figures are not very precise given the difficulty of accessing reliable data.
that estimate, approximately one in ten inhabitants of the country suffer this problem. In no other country in the world, the state imposes so many forced labor on the population, for example in mining, the report notes.
African slave children. their parents sell them for 60 dollars.
After North Korea, the country with the highest prevalence of modern slavery is Eritrea, where the regime also forces people to work hard for decades, according to the report.
Burundi, the Central African Republic, Afghanistan, Mauritania, South Sudan, Pakistan, Cambodia and Iran complete the top positions of the index elaborated by this organization, founded by the Australian mining magnate Andrew Forrest to fight modern slavery.
According to the report, with data for 2016, the countries with the most difficulties in this area are characterized by having very high or
Walk Free defines modern slavery as any situation of exploitation that a person can not abandon due to threats, violence, coercion, abuse of power or deception.
After North Korea they remain on the list drawn up by the organization Eritrea, Burundi, Afghanistan and the Central African Republic.
Sale of immigrants for slave labor in Libya.
Also in the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, France, Germany and the Netherlands there is more modern slavery than was initially believed, the authors of the study point out, who nonetheless recognize that these countries are also those that More fight against this phenomenon.
To elaborate his report on modern slavery in 163 countries, the Walk Free Foundation badyzed official data and organization information. non-governmental organizations and academic institutions. As for North Korea, also interviewed 50 people who had fled the hermetic Asian communist country.
For the side of Latin America, Venezuela is, together with Haiti, the country with the highest incidence of modern slavery.
This Global Index of Slavery 2018 estimates that about 174,000 people suffer this situation in Venezuelan territory, a rate of 5.6 per 1,000 inhabitants.
That proportion is similar to that of Haiti, where some 59,000 people would be victims, and it is clearly above that of other countries in the region.
Another group of people who wanted to emigrate from Africa to Europe and the traffickers sold them in Libya.
After Venezuela and Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Cuba and Honduras are the countries of the Americas with a greater problem of modern slavery.
In absolute figures, the highest number of victims is in Mexico, where Walk Free calculates that some 341,000 people (2.7 per 1,000) suffer this situation.
Argentina is sixth in America and is one of the 20 countries with the lowest rate of slavery, 1.3 per 1,000 people. Despite these data, our country still has 55,000 people in a state of slavery.
Slave labor in Argentina: more than 100 people were rescued in a field that produced blueberries in Exaltation de la Cruz.
In total, the organization estimates that almost two million people in the Americas region were in 2016 in a situation of slavery, mainly being forced to work. Just over a third would be trapped by debts, as explained by the authors of the report.
Although the document does not specify it, experts consider it likely that the crisis in Venezuela is significantly increasing the number of people at risk, especially given the food insecurity and the flow of refugees to other countries.
This was explained by Davina Durgana, one of the authors of the report, who also stressed that the Venezuelan authorities They are among those that give the worst response to the problem of modern slavery throughout the continent.
Agencies EFE and dpa.