Official analysis suggests that England had the highest level of deaths in Europe between late February and mid-June.
The National for National Statistics states that England saw the second highest peak of death in Europe after Spain.
But England had the longest duration where deaths were above average, and therefore the highest levels overall.
Areas in Spain and Italy, such as Milan and Madrid, were tougher than cities in Britain
But ONS analysis suggests the epidemic in the UK was more widespread than in other countries, with Scotland having the third highest mortality rate in Europe.
As of 23 May, the death rate in England was 7.5% higher than it has been in recent years.
Spain’s growth, 6.7%, was second to the countries studied, followed by Scotland’s 5.1% increase.
Both Wales and Northern Ireland figure in the list of the most difficult countries.
During a visit to North Yorkshire, Prime Minister Boris Johnson was asked if he felt ashamed that England had the highest death toll in Europe.
He said: “We mourn every loss of life that we had during the coronovirus epidemic.”
The Prime Minister said the country owed it to the families of those who “died to continue our work in carrying out the virus”, adding that it was a “massive success” in reducing the number of deaths.
Mr Johnson said the virus was “under some measure of control”, while “we are seeing a resurgence of the virus in some other European countries”.
The new analysis combines previous studies of additional deaths by calculating the age of the population in each country.
At its worst, the death rate in Spain was about 2.5 times its normal level.
This was worse than in England, where the peak number of deaths was about 2.1 times its normal level.
But deaths in Spain rapidly returned to normal levels, so far throughout the year, there have been more deaths in England than in previous years.
The analysis also looked at cities and regions within countries.
Madrid, Barcelona and Milan all saw higher peaks in mortality than UK cities.
But the ONS said the epidemic was more widespread in Britain than in other countries.
Seven of the 15 cities saw the highest increase in mortality.
Edward Morgan of the ONS said the widespread spread of the virus combined with the relatively slow “tail” of the pandemic in the UK was the main reason that England ‘saw the highest relative excess mortality in comparison to all European countries. “