Conference Call Confirms Tesla’s Model 3 Faces Huge Problems – Tesla Motors (NASDAQ:TSLA)


O for a muse of fireplace…

I’m writing about Tesla’s (NASDAQ:TSLA) convention name, however there isn’t any method my abridged description can totally seize its surreal high quality. There was:

  • The second when Elon Musk, in excessive dudgeon, expressed outrage on the “journalists and editors with low integrity” who’ve reported that Tesla fired workers regardless of the absence of unfavorable efficiency evaluations. “Shame,” he mentioned (although he by no means refuted any of the details reported);
  • the seemingly countless pause after Musk was reminded that three months in the past he professed to be completely sure Tesla will obtain a Model three manufacturing fee of 10,000 by some level in 2018, and was requested whether or not he was nonetheless equally sure (spoiler alert: that was then; that is now);
  • pretentious blather about step exponentials, S curves, vertical climbs, air friction, pushing robots to the restrict, and pace as the final word weapon; and
  • a collection of statements so fatuous that revered members of the auto business press are overtly mocking Tesla and Musk as rank amateurs (for an instance, begin right here at 13:30).

With that preface, listed here are what I regard as the important thing factors of the quarterly replace and convention name:

Record Losses

The working losses had been, simply as CoverDrive forecast greater than a month in the past, an all-time report. They had been, in truth, considerably increased than anticipated. I hope to place up a weblog publish quickly wrapping up what CoverDrive nailed (quite a bit) and what he missed (not a lot).

Problems In Fremont

Even worse, as I wrote Wednesday night, Tesla confirmed it has constructed just one Model three manufacturing line, able to producing (at most) 250,000 Model three automobiles per 12 months.

Much of the road has not but been paid for. Another line seemingly would require one other manufacturing facility. Paying for all that may require, in my estimation, a number of billion .

And, after all, the one Model three line at Fremont is plagued with issues. How dangerous are these issues? Tesla is downplaying them, however, on this deeply researched, must-read article, shouldn’t be.

The Financial Times (subscription required) has simply filed its personal dispatch concerning the Fremont manufacturing facility:

Newly-installed Kuka robots designed to hurry up manufacturing are nonetheless being operated by hand, in accordance with two individuals who visited the positioning in current weeks.

“I have never seen so much manual labour on a line,” says one individual, who has inspected automotive vegetation everywhere in the world.

“It was swarming with people. When I go to a plant and it’s automated I expect to see a lot fewer people.”

Problems In Sparks

The Tesla group badembled for the convention name on the Nevada Gigafactory as a result of, as Musk mentioned, he desires to be on the place the place the most important issues lie.

Musk detailed issues with the Gigafactory battery module meeting, and blamed them on an unnamed subcontractor. Musk claimed Tesla has now rewritten 20 to 30 man years of software program code writing in solely 4 weeks, and indicated Tesla is throwing all its sources on the drawback.

Meanwhile, one can solely think about the variety of Panasonic cells stacking up whereas Tesla makes an attempt to determine how you can package deal them into modules. Oh, how clever does Panasonic now seem for insisting on the “safety stock” provisions in its Gigafactory agreements.

(Fall is right here; winter is coming. Montana Skeptic photograph)

About That “Zero Concern”…

At August’s convention name to badessment Q2 outcomes, Musk said:

What folks ought to completely have zero concern about, and I imply zero, is that Tesla will obtain a 10,000-unit manufacturing week by the tip of subsequent 12 months.

Ryan Brinkman of JPMorgan Securities (NYSE:JPM) evidently was curious to be taught whether or not Musk nonetheless has zero concern:

But I feel it is much less clear, from studying the letter, what’s occurring with the earlier steering of the 10,000 items per week in some unspecified time in the future in 2018. Is that now like past 2018?

Here, the good pause ensued. Someone gulped deeply and swallowed. Red Bull? Wine with Ambien? Having solely audio and a transcript, I can not say.

At lengthy final, Musk spoke. It is, he mentioned, “a bit too early” to make such forecasts. (Except, wait, didn’t you make it with absolute certitude three months in the past?!)

But I imply, for those who extrapolate from 5,000 items in the direction of the tip of Q1, we don’t wish to name upon important CapEx till we’re badured about money movement on Model three, so then that is a query of how lengthy it takes to implement. I imply, that is the place you get to 10,000 items every week for Model three, which is a quantity we’re badured will be sustained from a requirement standpoint.

I can not adequately underscore the importance of this data. If one evaluations the spreadsheets that accompany the goal worth badyses of Tesla’s bullish badysts, one sees they premised their valuations on the corporate’s capacity to fabricate 400,000 Model three automobiles in 2018 or, if worst got here to worst, 2019.

It is now clear Tesla is unlikely to provide even half that quantity in 2018. Worse, Tesla might want to spend billions extra (“significant CapEx”) to achieve such capability. That is, allow us to be aware, cash Tesla doesn’t presently have.

(And the cash will not be coming from earnings, a minimum of not in 2018. There will likely be none. Forecasts for 2018 losses proceed to develop. Goldman Sachs (NYSE:GS), for example, simply elevated its forecast of 2018 losses to $843 million.)

Even if afforded the money and time, the extra Model three capability would arrive effectively after extra formidable EV competitors arrives.

In quick, Tesla is much from prepared to provide the promised variety of Model three automobiles. It wants tons extra time. It wants tons more cash.

I don’t imagine Tesla’s share worth comes near reflecting this actuality. This information has not but sunk in.

Tesla In China: Hype, But No Substance

Stories circulating a number of weeks in the past urged Tesla was on the cusp of signing some essential deal that will give the corporate entry to Chinese clients on favorable, tariff-free phrases.

There is not any such deal. Rod Lache of Deutsche Bank (NYSE:DB) requested about China, and Musk answered:

The China plant is kind of one thing like – that is only a like do not say, however it’s kind of a tough goal of begin of manufacturing in about three years and it might be serving the China market and maybe another nations within the area and that is actually the intent, is to have the ability to present Model three and Model – will not be making Model S and Model X, however we’ll be making in all probability Model three, in all probability Model Y primarily for the native Chinese market and it is actually the one technique to make the automobiles inexpensive in China, however it’s three years out, so.

Musk additionally indicated there could be no materials capital expended on China till a minimum of 2019. Assuming two years to construct a manufacturing facility in China, meaning no Tesla manufacturing in China till 2021 on the earliest.

Assuming, after all, Tesla has funds available for such capital expenditures, which it doesn’t.

And baduming Tesla had reached a deal to free it from Chinese tariffs, which it hasn’t.

Flashing Red Lights On Autopilot

I’m removed from an knowledgeable on autonomous driving. I hope Paulo Santos, who’s such an knowledgeable, will quickly write concerning the newest developments at size.

In a key change, the Nomura (NYSE:NMR) badyst famous that Nvidia (NASDAQ:NVDA) is claiming its latest autonomous driving is 10 instances extra highly effective that what Tesla is utilizing. Do you want upgrades, requested the badyst, “to advance Autopilot?”

Elon Reeve Musk – Tesla, Inc.

Well, initially, I feel that we can obtain full autonomy with the present . The query is, it isn’t simply full autonomy, however full autonomy with what degree of reliability, and what will likely be acceptable to regulators. But I really feel fairly badured that we will obtain human degree – roughly human degree autonomy with the present computing .

Now, regulators could require some important margin above human functionality to ensure that a full autonomy to be engaged. They could say, it must be 50% safer, 100% safer, 1000% safer, I do not know. I am undecided they know, both. But that is – however I feel I am badured that we will get to roughly human degree with our present . And, yeah, we’ll have extra to say on the entrance quickly, we’re simply not able to say something now. But I really feel very optimistic on that entrance.

For clients which have signed up for full software program functionality, we’ll push that choice. The – if it does end up that, that a pc improve is critical with a purpose to meet the regulatory necessities in that space, we are going to change the pc with one thing with better energy, which is kind of, unplug the previous one, plug the brand new one in. But we really feel badured of the competitiveness of our technique. I might say that, we’re sure that our technique is healthier than another choice, by quite a bit.

Read that rigorously. Haven’t we all the time been instructed that Tesla’s autonomous driving far exceed human functionality?

Also, are we now listening to, way more explicitly than ever earlier than, a warning that Tesla’s system could not meet regulatory scrutiny?

And, shouldn’t be Musk acknowledging Tesla might have to interchange the it’s now putting in in automobiles it claims will likely be able to Level 5 full self-driving? Does anybody imagine such a substitute is merely a matter of unplugging an previous one and plugging in a brand new one?

Tesla automotive patrons have already got filed a category motion lawsuit claiming Tesla fraudulently inflated its autonomous driving claims. I see solely extra bother forward. Your mileage could range.

We Badly Need Superchargers And Service Centers, But We’re Going To Conserve Cash

CFO Deepak Ahuja spoke concerning the “positive virtuous cycle of cash flow” whereby Tesla first collects proceeds for a Model three sale and solely then pays its suppliers. (Question for Mr. Ahuja: how, precisely, is that figuring out?)

He mentioned Tesla could be paying off “all the remaining Model 3 related CapEx” throughout this quarter and the subsequent, after which “CapEx payments will start to decline.” In different phrases, Tesla will “manage” capital expenditures badociated to service facilities and Superchargers.

This surprised the extremely revered Tony Sacconaghi of Sanford C. Bernstein & Co., who just lately expressed issues with Tesla’s shortcomings in customer support.

Elon, you simply talked about kind of this trade-off between progress and capital spending. And fairly frankly, I feel it is actually the primary time that I’ve heard you discuss that potential trade-off. Usually, Tesla’s been all about doing as a lot as shortly as doable to guide the transfer to electrification, to ascertain a first-mover benefit, et cetera.

So, is the hesitancy in going all-out progress, is concern that you just may run out of money and have to lift more money? Is bandwidth concern for the group when it comes to making an attempt to do an excessive amount of, too shortly? Is concern about utilizing capital successfully? What’s on the root of that call? And why is there even a call, I suppose, is the query.

Musk, Ahuja, and Straubel started discussing “nutty” and “crazy” progress charges, and evaluating Tesla’s progress with Henry Ford’s Model T. Musk mentioned that if Tesla continues at its current fee, “Tesla will be the largest car company in the world by volume as well.”

(As effectively as what? Largest on the earth by working losses? By money burn? And, in reality, Tesla’s trailing-12-month numbers present hardly any progress in any respect.)

Go to the transcript and choose for your self, however I discovered the solutions to be elliptical, imprecise, and evasive.

As, evidently, did Mr. Sacconaghi. Because he then did one thing that rarely occurs in a Tesla quarterly convention name. He adopted up on his query:

But, actually, maybe to punctuate a bit bit extra, you’ve got talked about fairly quickly you are going to be near money movement generative when you get the quantity on the Model three. And so, I am simply shocked why you are truly not making an attempt to step on that as shortly as doable as a result of ostensibly when you get to that degree, then money movement actually does not turn into an issue.

And so, is there any distinction in that view? Otherwise I am simply struggling to kind of reconcile why you do not wish to get to scale, get to quantity, get to optimistic working money movement, as shortly as doable?

Once once more, Musk, Ahuja, and Straubel all chimed in. To my mind-set, the solutions went spherical and around the mulberry bush.

Was Mr. Sacconaghi happy with the solutions? He did lastly say, “fair enough” and moved on to a different subject. But, had been these solutions really honest sufficient for him? TBD.

(Hang on tight; it is about to get extra attention-grabbing.)

Solar Roof Tiles

I described earlier this week how Tesla, in its quarterly replace, provided nothing however imprecise generalities concerning the photo voltaic roof tile produce. The subject didn’t come up within the convention name.

My personal guess, primarily based on what one sees and what one doesn’t see, is that this product, which had not been totally developed or minimally examined earlier than it was proven off a 12 months in the past, has run into important issues. Which could also be simply as effectively as a result of it’s onerous to conceive the way it may ever be greater than a tiny area of interest enterprise.

Tesla Energy Cells

Are any cells for Tesla Energy merchandise now being made on the Gigafactory? (We know, for example, that the cells for the South Australia mission had been manufactured by Samsung (OTC:SSNLF).)

No one requested, and Tesla didn’t volunteer the data.


I’ve already mentioned the change between Tony Sacconaghi and the Tesla officers. What evidently sparked Mr. Sacconaghi’s curiosity about capital expenditures was an earlier query by Deutsche Bank’s Rod Lache, inquiring about whether or not Tesla’s 2018 capital expenditures could be decrease than these in 2017.

Here’s the reply from CEO Musk:

Yeah, completely. Some parts would require nearly no CapEx. It actually comes to appreciate that the – you actually wish to make a manufacturing facility that grows extremely quick.

Like, actually, I feel pace is the final word weapon in terms of innovation or manufacturing. And we’re pushing robots to the restrict when it comes to the pace that they will function at, and asking our suppliers to make robots go method quicker, and they’re shocked as a result of no person has ever requested them that query. It’s like for those who can see the robotic transfer, it is too gradual. We must be caring about air friction like issues shifting so quick. You ought to want a strobe gentle to see it.

And that is extremely essential to CapEx effectivity. And clearly we will be designing quite a lot of the robotic parts and what makes the robots internally. So, sure, as a result of present suppliers are simply too gradual to reply in some circumstances.

If you’re lengthy Tesla, or desirous to be, and the pressure and logic of that reply impresses you, then you definately may effectively view the current share worth dive as a shopping for alternative.

If you’re lengthy Tesla, and the glibness and vacuity of that reply issues you (and, in case there may be any doubt, my private view is that the reply is glib and vacuous), then maybe now may be a superb time to promote.

Not pretty much as good as final week, to make certain, however nonetheless good.

The New Tax Bill

House Republicans have now unveiled the main points of their new tax invoice. It eliminates the federal earnings tax credit score for electrical automobiles, efficient December 31 of this 12 months. It additionally scales again numerous photo voltaic tax credit.

Whether any such tax reform invoice pbades, and even when it does, whether or not such provisions survive the inevitable legislative horse buying and selling, are open questions.

Musk prior to now has claimed Tesla doesn’t want subsidies. I think about, although, that we are going to quickly be listening to a special story from Tesla, and concerted lobbying towards these provisions.

A subject for one more day, however clearly one value following.

Disclosure: I’m/we’re quick TSLA.

I wrote this text myself, and it expresses my very own opinions. I’m not receiving compensation for it (aside from from Seeking Alpha). I’ve no enterprise relationship with any firm whose inventory is talked about on this article.

Additional disclosure: I’m quick TSLA by way of long-dated choices.

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