July 31, 2018 – 9:36 pm
The brain damage of heading the ball of football may be five times higher in women than in men , said a US study based on about 100 amateur players on Tuesday.
The report in the journal Radiology suggested that specific bad-specific guidelines may be needed to protect against head injuries in football.
" Researchers and doctors have long noted that women feel worse after a head injury than men, although some say it's only because women are more willing to report symptoms, "said lead author Michael. Lipton, professor of radiology, psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine.
"Based on our study, we measured the objective changes in brain tissue instead of the syn Shots reported by the person, women seem more likely than men to suffer brain trauma from heading soccer balls, "he added.
For the study, 49 male players and 49 women underwent a type of magnetic resonance called images with diffusion tensor (ITD), which badyzes the health of the white matter of the brain by observing the water balance in tissue.
The ages of the players ranged from 18 to 50 years and both groups reported a similar number of heads Over the previous year. The men reported an average of 487 heads and the women 469.
The resonances showed that "the volume of damaged white matter in the female soccer players was five times higher than in the male players," according to the report.
The women had eight brain regions where white matter, involved in communication between different parts of the brain, was affected, compared to three in men.
The researchers said the brain changes were "subclinical," which means that the players did not report any altered thinking abilities.
But the changes remain a concern because they could be precursors of additional brain damage and injuries, including cognitive decline and behavioral changes.
If serious dysfunction occurs, it is wise to identify risk factors for cumulative brain injury, such as headache if you are a woman, so that people can act to avoid further damage and maximize recovery, "Lipton said.
The study offers no formal reasons for these differences, but some experts suggest that they might be in the strength of the neck. , bad hormones or genetics.
Around 30 million women and girls play football worldwide, according to FIFA.
AFP / Tampa, United States