China has accused Indian troops of illegally crossing a disputed border and patrolling soldiers firing “provocative” warning shots.
A military spokesman said the Chinese guards were “forced to retaliate”, although it is unclear what they were.
It would be the first time in 45 years that the firing was carried out, breaking the agreement prohibiting the use of firearms.
Relations between the two countries have steadily deteriorated in recent months.
According to the state media outlet of the Global Times, the Indian troops had “illegally crossed the Line of Actual Control (LAC) into the Shenpao mountain area near the southern bank of Parangong Tso Lake”, Senior Colonel Zhang Shuili, People’s spokesman Attributing. the Salvation Army.
Mr. Zhang said that this move by India severely violated the respective agreements by both sides, which increased the tension in the region and made it very weak.
Indian officials are yet to respond.
The 1996 agreement between the two countries as a disputed border prohibits the use of guns and explosives from the Line of Actual Control, although troops have already suffered there.
The PLA spokesperson also called on the Indian side to “immediately halt the dangerous move, withdraw personnel crossing the LAC … and punish the personnel who fired the fire”.
The tense confrontation comes just a day after Indian military officials were alerted to reports of Chinese troops being kidnapped by Chinese troops from an area near the disputed border.
- India-China border dispute explained in 400 words
- China and India face to face on the roof of the world
Tensions escalated in June when 20 Indian soldiers were killed in a violent clash with Chinese forces. Local media outlets then stated that the soldiers were “beaten to death”.
In August, India accused China of instigating military tensions along the border twice within a week. Both allegations were denied by China, stating that the border deadlock was “completely” India’s fault.
The Line of Actual Control is poorly demarcated. The presence of rivers, lakes and snowcases means that line shifts may occur.
Soldiers on both sides – representing the two largest armies in the world – come face to face at many points. India has accused China of sending thousands of troops to the Galvan Valley of Ladakh, saying that China occupies 38,000 sq km (14,700 sq mi) of its territory. In the last three decades, several rounds of talks have failed to resolve border disputes.
The two countries have fought only one war so far, in 1962, when India suffered a humiliating defeat.