The incident has reportedly been fired on the Sino-Indian border over more than four decades, but the two sides have accused each other of violating bilateral agreements and taking “provocative” actions.
In a statement on Monday night, a spokesman for the Western Theater Command of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army said that Indian troops “illegally crossed the Line of Actual Control” (LoC), a loosely defined demarcation line separating the two countries. , And the area near the southern coast of Pongong Tso, entered the Shenpao Mountains, is a strategically located lake in the western part of the 2,100-mile (3,379-kilometer) border.
Chinese military spokesman, senior colonel Zhang Shuili, said, “Chinese troops patrolled the Chinese border to negotiate, and forced the Chinese border troops to retaliate.” There were “countermeasures”.
Calling it a “serious military provocation”, Zhang called on India to “immediately stop dangerous actions” … strictly prohibiting and seriously investigating border troops and punishing personnel who committed such To ensure the incidents were fired.
It said that Indian troops “exercised great restraint and behaved in a mature and responsible manner,” and instead accused the Chinese military of “violating the agreement and conducting aggressive maneuvers.”
According to India, it was the Chinese soldiers who attempted to “close” at one of the forward positions held by Indian troops on the border. A statement from the Indian Army said that when the Indian soldiers attacked, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) soldiers fired a few rounds in an attempt to intimidate them.
“The Indian Army has not crossed the LAC at any stage nor used any offensive methods, including firing,” the statement said.
“First shot” in decades
It is believed that the firing was carried out on the Sino-Indian border for the first time since 1975, when Harsha V. According to Pant, four Indian soldiers were killed by Chinese soldiers in a remote pass at the eastern end of the border, a professor of international relations at King’s College, London.
On Tuesday, Zhao Lijian, a spokesman for China’s foreign ministry, confirmed the incident as the first shooting at the border in 45 years and claimed that “the Indian side first fired Chinese border troops.”
“Peace is interrupted by shots. The Chinese side always insists that both sides resolve our differences peacefully through dialogue and consultation,” Zhao told a news conference.
Since the bloody border war in 1962, China and India have been in dispute over the area enclosing Pangong Tso Lake. The Line of Actual Control, which passes through the lake, was established in the wake of the original conflict. Although it shows on the map, India and China do not agree on its exact location and both regularly accuse the other, or demand to expand their territory.
He was in the midst of a series of agreements by China and India since 1993 to “maintain forces at the lowest level on the border” and “shape the behavior of troops”, Indian Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar said.
In an event on Monday, he said, “If this is not seen, it raises very important questions. At this time, I note that this very serious situation has been going on since early May.”
Du Yungk, a professor of South Asia studies at Fudan University in Shanghai, said the warning shot was a “serious” extension of the border dispute.
“Both sides have formed a consensus, knowing that once a shot is fired, things can fly. Even firing in the air should not be allowed,” he said.
But Professor Pant of King’s College, London, said he believed tensions on the Sino-Indian border would become a “new normal”.
“Confidence has completely vanished from the relationship … LAC is going to be extremely volatile and it will remain so for the foreseeable future until a permanent solution to the problem is found,” he said.
“Because the old paradigm, the old structure is completely cut off and there is no new framework at the moment as both nations are struggling to come to terms with this reality.”
CNN’s Manveena Suri and Sean Deng contributed reporting.