“It’s like someone who owns a beautiful house, but they don’t want it anymore because it was built by a father who was a rapist. It’s not that the house is bad. It’s that it’s Was made by the father, ”he said. .
“Writing the new constitution is an act of atonement,” Navia said. “Since Chile has not put Pinoshe in jail for human rights violations, they now want to kill the constitution as a kind of historical test against her.”
Pinchett died at the age of 91 in 2006, after pleading not guilty to any crimes. However, opponents say that more than 3,000 people died as a result of political violence under his rule, particularly during “Operation Condor”, a campaign against political dissidents in the mid-1970s, including many Whose body or fate was never known. Many more thousands were tortured in secret detention centers or threatened in exile.
“Not only is he not getting a piece of cake, but he is also not invited to the party,” said Naviya. “And the demand for a new constitution is fine, the demand to invite the party.”
After the fall of military dictatorship in 1990, a new constitution was created by the first leftist leaders. President Ricardo Lagos promoted the biggest reforms in 2005 – and the current constitution includes more than 250 amendments – and the idea of a referendum in the 2009 campaign for the first time was seriously discussed for the presidency.
Chile is not only deciding whether they can get a new constitution, but who is writing it and how. If a new constitution is approved as expected, a constitutional assembly will be elected in April 2021, at the same time municipal and regional elections are expected to take place.
For Camilla Velozzo, a member of the Communist Party of the Chamber of Deputies and an alumni leader, writing a new constitution is about social justice.
But others say that writing a new constitution may not be the best way to solve Chile’s problems that are similar to the challenges facing other Latin American countries, including lack of sustainable development, poor job creation and spatial inequality. Huh.
The Columbia-born analyst says his own country tried the experiment in 1991, gathering 100 people to write a new constitution in five months with mixed results.
Everything Chile wants, Pizano said, “can be addressed by amendments like we have done in the United States rather than rewriting the entire text.”
“Can anyone create prosperity and fairness from a blank slate? Why hasn’t the US changed its constitution, even though we have amended it 27 times? Israel and the United Kingdom have not formed a written constitution. Yet they are in some ways . Examples of liberal, democratic countries. And this is what we want, “Pizano said, noting that the best written constitution does not guarantee Chile everything.
NYU professor Navia said legislators should focus on improving the economy.
“You can’t write it in the constitution that there will be a better pension. You need the money for the pension first. And you can get it with better development, more foreign investment and many other reforms that can create a new constitution. . It’s more difficult to get it. “