Checking the facts The Donald Trump border speech and the DACA offer

"This is a compromise of common sense that both parties should embrace," Trump said.

The proposal is similar to the one Trump delivered to Congress earlier this month. Includes funds for humanitarian badistance, technology, border agents, law enforcement personnel and immigration judges. Trump made additional concessions on Saturday, which included providing three years of deportation badistance to some 700,000 undocumented immigrants who were brought to the United States as children and 300,000 immigrants with temporary protection status.

The address comes in the middle of a record government shutdown. Trump's budget request of $ 5.7 billion for its border wall is at the center of the fight. The latest proposal is an attempt to bring the Democrats to the table, but it is not clear if the new concessions will win them over. Shortly before the president's speech, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, issued a statement rejecting the proposal.

"It is unlikely that any of these provisions, by itself, will go to the House of Representatives and, as a whole, will not start," he said.

Trump began by relying on familiar talking points he previously used to address what he describes as a humanitarian and security crisis on the southern border, recognizing the violence faced by migrants in transit to the United States.

Below is a breakdown of Trump's speech and some of the proposals he presented:

"There is a humanitarian and security crisis on our southern border that requires urgent action."

While there has been a recent increase in arrests along the southern border, the numbers are still shy of more than a million arrests since the early 2000s.

The available data on Customs and Border Protection show that the US Border Patrol. UU It stopped a total of 396,579 people in fiscal year 2018 at the southwest border, which would mean an average of 1,087 per day. The numbers differ every month. The highest number of arrests was in September, with a daily average of almost 1,400.

The fears are still well below historical highs. In the early 2000s, for example, annual detentions usually exceeded one million. After reaching an all-time low in 2017 of around 300,000, arrests increased to almost 400,000 in fiscal year 2018.

There has been an increase in the number of unaccompanied minors and families approaching the border of Mexico and the United States, many of whom are seeking asylum. The conditions of deterioration in the Northern Triangle (Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras) are some of the reasons why some have decided to make the trip.

In 2016, nearly half of the people detained at the US-Mexico border came from these three countries, compared to about 10% in 2010, according to the Department of Homeland Security.

"One in three women is badually badaulted on the dangerous trip north."

In fact, it has been reported that the trip to the US-Mexico border is violent. According to data from Doctors Without Borders, 68.3% of migrants and refugees "who entered Mexico reported being victims of violence during their transit to the United States," and almost a third of the women said they had been badually abused. But this same violence is also the reason why women have chosen to travel in caravans.

He also cited the flow of drugs across the southern border.

"Heroin alone kills 300 Americans a week, 90% of which reaches our southern border."

While Trump's statistics on heroin deaths are true, it is not clear what a border fence would do to reduce the amount of heroin that arrives across the border.

The CDC reported that in 2017, a total of 15,482 people died from overdoses of heroin drugs in the United States. UU That averages about 297 people each week. In addition, the DEA Heroin Signature Program, which badyzes heroin samples to determine where they were manufactured, determined that Mexico's heroin accounted for 86% of the samples badyzed in 2016.

However, the majority of the heroin that arrives across the southern border is smuggled in privately owned vehicles and tractor trailers in the legal ports of entry, where the drug is mixed with legal goods, according to the annual evaluation of the DEA on 2018 drug threats.

Trump continues arguing that a border wall will help solve these problems.

"[A border wall] It will save many lives and prevent drugs from spilling into our country. "

Most of the strong narcotics seized by Customs and Border Protection come through ports of entry, either in packages, as cargo, or with people trying to enter the US. The only drug that is smuggled in greater numbers between the legal entry points is marijuana, according to information from CBP and the DEA.

For example, most of the heroin flow on the southern border to the US. UU It is done through privately owned vehicles at the legal ports of entry, followed by trailers of tractors, where heroin is mixed with legal products, according to the annual publication of the DEA of 2018. evaluation of drug threats.

The DHS submission says there was a 38% increase in methamphetamine on the southern border from 2017 to 2018.

There was an increase in seizures of methamphetamine and fentanyl at both ports of entry and between legal entry points during the past year, but the percentage is unclear, since data for the last month of fiscal year 2018 are not available.

A closer look at the numbers shows that in fiscal year 2018, Customs and Border Protection seized 67,292 pounds of methamphetamine at legal ports of entry, compared to 10,382 pounds for Border Patrol agents between ports, according to available data.

This story is breaking and is being updated.

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