Human Rights Watch states that men, women, and children – some as young as 10 years old – are regularly tied or locked in weeks, months, and even confined spaces across Asia, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and America. Live.
The report, Living in Chins: The Shackling of People from Psychosocial Disabilities Worldwide, examines whether people with mental health conditions are often in their own homes or in crowded and uneven institutions of their own due to excessive congestion and lack of mental health Why do you rebel against family Services.
Many of the affected people are forced to eat, sleep, urinate and defecate in the same small area. In state-run or private institutions, as well as traditional or religious treatment centers, they are shackled for restraint or punishment and often forced to fast, take drugs or herbal medicine, and face physical and sexual violence .
The report includes field research and evidence from Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, China, Ghana, Indonesia, Kenya, Liberia, Mexico, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Palestine’s own independent states of Somaliland, South Sudan and Yemen. .
Shakling is commonly practiced by families who believe that mental health conditions are the result of evil spirits or a person who sins.
People often consult faith or traditional healers and only seek mental health services as a last resort. A 56-year-old man in Bali, Indonesia, was taken to 103 faith practitioners; When he did not work, he remained locked in a room for many years.
Paul, interviewed for the report in Kimu, Kenya, described his terms: “It’s been five years. The chain is so heavy. It doesn’t feel right; He makes me sad. I live in a small room with seven men. I am not allowed to wear clothes, only underwear. I eat oatmeal in the morning and if I am lucky, I get bread at night, but not every night. ”
Mudinat, who lives in a church in Abokuta, Nigeria in September 2019, described defecation in the bag during his imprisonment.
“I go to the toilet in a nylon bag until they take it away at night. I took a shower for the last time. I dine here once a day. I’m not free to walk. At night I’m home. Sleeps inside. I live in a different place than men. I hate huts, “said Mudit, who was described as having a psychoanalytic disability.
Paul and Mudinat are among 350 people with psychiatric disabilities, including children, whose experiences were seen by the group.
“Pushing people with mental health conditions is a widespread, cruel practice that is an open secret in many communities,” said HRW senior disability rights researcher and report author Kriti Sharma. “People can spend years tied to a tree, locked in a cage or sheep shed as families struggle to cope and governments fail to provide adequate mental health services.”
While many countries are paying more attention to the issue of mental health, the setbacks are largely out of sight. There is no data and no coordinated international or regional efforts to erase practice.
HRW is working with Mental Health Advocates, along with Living Experience and Human Rights and Anti-Atrocity Organizations, to launch a global #BreakTheChains campaign to end shocking, ahead of World Mental Health Day on October 10.
Globally, an estimated 792 million people, or one in 10, with one in five children, have a mental health condition. Yet governments spend less than 2% of their health budget on mental health.
More than two-thirds of countries do not reimburse people for mental health services in national health insurance systems.
Even when mental health services are free or subsidized, distance and transportation costs are significant barriers.
A Kenyan man, who is living in chains, told HRW: “This is not how a human being is perceived. A human being should be free.
Without proper access to sanitation, soap, or even basic healthcare, people who are pushed are at greater risk of contracting Kovid-19. And in countries where the Kovid-19 epidemic has disrupted access to mental health services, people with mental health conditions may be at greater risk of tremors.
“It is terrible that thousands of people around the world are chained, isolated, abused and alone,” said Sharma. “Governments should stop reducing this problem under the rug and take real action now.”