CDC studies have found that coronovirus rarely kills children, but minorities at high risk

Children from ethnic and racial minorities, those with underlying health conditions, and those between the ages of 18 and 20 are more likely to die, a CDC-led research team published Tuesday in the agency’s Morbity and Mortality Weekly report It is written in the study.

The report also showed how unusual it is for children and young adults dying of coronovirus. 190,000 deaths occurred in the country, of which only 0.08% – or 121 – were reported in people under 21. The most updated CDC report reported 377 children, adolescents, and young adults aged 24 and over who died of coronovirus.

The researchers asked 50 states, New York City, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the US Virgin Islands to report deaths from coronovirus under the age of 21 between 12 February and 31 July.

Of the approximately 6.5 million Kovid-19 cases in the country, researchers found a total of 391,814 cases of Kovid-19 and MIS-C among people under 21 years of age. People below the age of 21 make up 26% of the US population, they rise. Only 8% of all reported cases.

Hispanic, Black and American Indian / Alaska Natives were dissatisfied. Of the 121 who died, 44% were Hispanic children, 29% were Black children, 4% were American Indian / Alaska Natives and 4% were Asian or Pacific Islanders. While these groups represent 41% of the US population under 21, they accounted for approximately 75% of deaths in that age range. Fourteen percent of deaths occurred in white children.

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“Infants, children, adolescents and young adults, particularly those from high-risk racial and ethnic minority groups with underlying medical conditions, and their caregivers are clear, consistent and evolutionary, linguistically and culturally appropriate COVID-19 Prevention Needs Message, ”the researchers wrote.

While 25% of deaths were in previously healthy children, 75% had at least one underlying health condition and 45% had two or more. The most commonly reported medical condition for lung disease including asthma was; obesity; Neurological and developmental status and cardiac condition.

There is considerable variation among younger age groups compared to teenagers and young adults due to breakdowns between different age groups. About 10% of the deaths were in infants under 1 year old, with an additional 9% in children between 1 and 4, with 11% in the range 5–9 and 10% in the 10–13 range. But around 20% of the deaths were seen in adolescents between 14 and 17 years old and more than 40% were in 18 to 20 year olds.

This somewhat coincides with earlier CDC data showing children between 0 and 4 years old are four times less likely to be hospitalized and nine times less likely to be 18 to 29 years old. And children between 5 and 17 years of age die. Children are nine times less likely to die in hospital and 16 times less likely than 18 to 29 year olds.

Boys are worse off than girls: 63% of deaths occurred in men compared to 63% of women.

Even children with no symptoms can show Kovid-19, CDC report

Even though children are less likely to become seriously ill and die, they can still infect and pass SARS-CoV-2 to others according to several studies.

For example, in a study published last week at MMWR, researchers analyzed contact tracing data from 184 people with links to three child care facilities in Salt Lake County from April to July.

They found at least two children who had no symptoms, not only caught the virus, but also gave it to others, including a mother who was hospitalized. An eight-month-old baby infected both parents.

Researchers from the Salt Lake County County Health Department wrote in their report, “Children exposed to these three facilities were mild with no symptoms. Two out of three asymptomatic children were exposed to their parents and possibly their teachers SARS-CoV-2 is transmitted.

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Another study conducted out of South Korea analyzed data on Kovid-19, pre-symptomatic and symptomatic children from 18 February to 31 March at 22 centers across the country. It found that 22% of the children were asymptomatic. The study was published in late August in JAMA Pediatrics.
“The concept highlights that infected children may be likely to go with or without symptoms and continue with their normal activities, which may contribute to viral circulation within their community, “Two doctors at Children’s National Hospital in Washington DC wrote in an accompanying editorial.

The CDC researchers of the current study said that it is important to keep a close watch on children infected with Kovid-19. “Although infants, children, and adolescents are more likely to have CODID-19 disease than adults, complications, including MID-C and respiratory failure, occur in these populations. Being infected or exposed to SARS-COV-2 Should be closely followed. Follow up closely so that clinical deterioration can be detected early, “he wrote.

Jacqueline Howard, Sandy Lamotte and Lauren Mascarenhas contributed to this report.