Catalonia pushes for independence from Spain: What to know

Carles Puigdemont, Catalonia’s ex-president, and 4 others had been launched by a Brussels decide through the weekend, after Spain issued European arrest warrants. 

The group had fled to Belgium after Spanish authorities fired them on Oct. 28 for looking for secession for Catalonia.

Spain imposed direct management of Catalonia in late October after its parliament declared independence.

The nation invoked a never-before used constitutional modification to take management of the area, giving Spain the flexibility to sack Puigdemont and his cupboard in addition to authorize the federal government to curtail the area’s parliamentary powers.

European neighbors – together with Italy and France – have condemned the independence declaration and rallied behind Spain.

What is Catalonia?

A woman holds an estelada or independence flag on a motorcycle after taking part on a protest against the National Court's decision to imprison civil society leaders without bail, in Barcelona, Spain, Tuesday, Oct. 17, 2017. Protesters were gathering for a fresh round of demonstrations in Barcelona Tuesday to demand the release of two leaders of Catalonia's pro-independence movement who were jailed in a sedition probe. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

A girl holds a Catalan independence flag on a bike after collaborating in a protest towards the National Court’s choice to jail civil society leaders with out bail in Barcelona, Spain.

 (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

Located within the northeast area of Spain, Catalonia is essentially unbiased with its personal tradition and language. It’s one of many richest and most industrialized areas of the nation with a heavy emphasis on manufacturing, in accordance with the BBC.

The area, which incorporates Barcelona, is residence to about 7.5 million individuals.

Valuing its autonomy, Catalonia has its personal parliament and govt, referred to as “Generalitat” in its language.

Why do they need independence?

Because of its personal cultural id, these in favor of Catalan independence have pushed for the area to change into separate from Spain. Supporters additionally imagine that they’ve given extra to the Spanish authorities than they’ve gotten again.

The push for independence “raises questions of the future of democracy and democratic rule,” Pamela Radcliff, a University of California, San Diego professor and fashionable Spain historian, instructed Fox News. “What’s being contested between Spain and Catalonia, one of the things is different visions of what defending democracy looks like.”


Radcliff mentioned that “it’s very possible” that neither aspect has “much incentive to compromise.”

The independence drive is led by Puigdemont. The area held a referendum on Oct. 1.

Tens of 1000’s of individuals gathered within the streets of Barcelona across the Catalan regional authorities palace to rejoice the independence vote. They chanted for the Spanish flag to be eliminated as reside music performed. 

The area’s parliament voted to determine an unbiased Catalonia with 70 votes in favor of independence, 10 votes towards and two clean ballots. Opposition leaders had left the chambers in protest earlier than the vote.

How did the Oct. 1 vote go?

Catalan President Carles Puigdemont signs a declaration of independence at the Catalan regional parliament in Barcelona, Spain, October 10, 2017. REUTERS/Albert Gea     TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY - RC1559AC0B30

Catalan President Carles Puigdemont indicators a declaration of independence on the Catalan regional parliament in Barcelona on Oct. 10.

 (Reuters/Albert Gea)

Catalonia’s parliament voted for independence after an Oct. 1 referendum with about 90 % of the two.three million individuals who voted selecting independence, in accordance with Catalan officers. However, fewer than half of the eligible voters participated within the extremely contested referendum.

About 900 individuals had been handled for accidents after voting turned violent when Catalan civilians and Spanish police clashed.

Andrew Dowling, an knowledgeable in Catalan historical past at Cardiff University in Wales, mentioned that an independence declaration by the Catalan parliament is symbolic with out border and institutional management and no worldwide badist.


The declaration “will see the fracture between hardliners and the pragmatic people in Catalonia who are already seeing an economic fallout,” Dowling instructed The Associated Press.

What has been Spain’s response?

Spain's Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy gestures as he speaks during a press conference at the Moncloa Palace in Madrid, Spain, Wednesday, Oct. 11, 2017. The Spanish Cabinet met in Madrid Wednesday to work out its response to an announcement from the head of the wealthy Catalonia region that he was proceeding with a declaration of independence, further fueling Spain's worst political crisis in decades. (AP Photo/Paul White)

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy has mentioned Catalonia’s independence referendum “is good for nobody.”

 (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)

Spain’s prime courtroom declared the Oct. 1 independence referendum unlawful, and Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy had warned that the federal government’s first transfer can be to take away Puigdemont from energy when the Senate granted him the particular powers underneath Article 155.

Rajoy mentioned what is occurring in Catalonia is “a clear violation of the laws, of democracy, of the rights of all, and that has consequences.”

Hundreds of 1000’s of anti-independence protesters demonstrated within the streets of Barcelona over the weekend and referred to as for the Catalonia area to stay part of Spain.

Rajoy reportedly refused badist from outdoors civil-society teams and attorneys to mediate negotiations between the 2 factions. He has additionally declined to have interaction in talks with Catalan leaders.

“There is no possible mediation between democratic law and disobedience and unlawfulness,” Rajoy mentioned.

Spanish markets rose Monday following the publication of a ballot that urged Catalan badist for independence is waning.

What is Article 155?

Spain invoked a clause of its structure after Catalonia solid forward with its plans to secede from the nation that might take away the area’s autonomy.

Catalonia’s refusal to backtrack from its independence threats triggered Article 155 of the Spanish Constitution, the federal government mentioned, which permits central authorities to take over management of any of the nation’s 17 areas. It’s a provision that hasn’t been used within the 4 many years since democracy was restored within the European nation.


An English translation of the structure states that if an autonomous group breaks the legislation or disregards the structure, the Spanish authorities can – after following sure procedures – “take the measures necessary in order to compel the [community] forcibly to meet said obligations, or in order to protect [Spain’s] general interests.”

Rajoy’s cupboard met in a particular badembly to approve measures to take direct management of the Catalan area underneath Article 155. The Senate gave him the facility to take action. 

What is happening now? 

Puigdemont and his 4 allies who fled to Belgium surrendered on Sunday. 

The Brussels decide launched Puigdemont and the 4 others late Sunday on situation they continue to be in Belgium and attend courtroom periods. Belgian authorities are in the meantime contemplating Spain’s request to ship him residence.

Nine different deposed Cabinet members in that very same rise up case had been despatched to jail in Madrid, eight of them with out bail, final week. 

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Kaitlyn Schallhorn is a Reporter for Fox News. Follow her on Twitter @K_Schallhorn.

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