Can the coronavirus vaccine overcome antitrust?


“360” gives you a variety of perspectives on the top stories and debates of the day.

What is happening

Since the onset of the coronavirus epidemic, experts have agreed that the only way to truly return to life in general is through the development of a vaccine.

It usually takes years to make vaccines. The fastest process so far has been four years. But the coronovirus vaccine is developing at an unprecedented pace in an all-out global effort backed by billions of dollars of investment. Predictions vary, but most experts say a viable vaccine may be ready by the end of this year or early 2021.

As impressive as that timeline may be, a vaccine is useless if many people refuse to take it. Polls show that US surveys conducted over the summer could be considered a major obstacle to ending the epidemic, with one-fourth and one-third of Americans vaccinated by the Food and Drug Administration. . Recent elections show that these numbers have become worse.

If that data proves to be true, the US may not be able to achieve the level of immunity needed to stem the epidemic. Experts say 70 percent to 90 percent of Americans will need to be vaccinated to stop the virus from spreading.

Why do you argue

One of the main factors driving mistrust of the potential coronavirus vaccine, experts say, is the concern that President Trump may force the FDA to approve an unused vaccine to boost its reunification opportunities. Federal public health officials have reportedly expressed similar concerns. Broadly speaking, emphasis on speed can send the message that appropriate steps to ensure the vaccine is safe and not effective. Experts say that the efforts made by the administration to materialize the development process will help improve public confidence in the vaccine.

If the vaccine arrives after Election Day, some mistrust can be eradicated, because the political motivation to vaccinate would have evaporated. Vaccine-producing companies can help by taking appropriate steps in testing and building open confidence about its development process. Nine vaccine manufacturers, including those vaccines, considered manufacturers of the leading vaccine candidates, issued a joint letter last week promising to “maintain the integrity of the scientific process” in developing a vaccine.

Vaccine skepticism is not solely about politics, nor is it unique to coronoviruses. Social science experts say that the methods used to counter the large anti-vaccination movement may be helpful in motivating people to take the coronovirus vaccine. That effort should include a nationwide campaign to inform the public about the benefits of the vaccine, as well as more personal outreach in areas with higher levels of vaccination. This is particularly important for black Americans, who are more likely to distrust medical providers due to a long legacy of abuse and disproportionate consequences.

What will happen next

A handful of vaccines have reached the final stages of clinical trials. Despite optimism from the White House, most experts predict that the first vaccine will not be ready until after the election. Once a vaccine is proven to be safe and is approved for delivery, it can take several months, until enough people have taken it to return to normal life. “If you’re talking about getting a degree of normality before COVID, it’s going to happen in late 2021, well into 2021,” the country’s leading infectious disease specialist, Dr. Anthony Fauci said.

Perspective

The emphasis on speed is hurting public confidence in future vaccines

“The constant concern by those who have hesitated about this vaccine is haste. When health officials repeatedly avoid the rigors of development – an idea outlined under the name Operation Warp Speed ​​- they inadvertently raise public safety concerns. “- Jan Hoffman, New York Times

Trump should stop politicizing the vaccine development process

“The Trump administration is spoiling the waters with actions leading to the presence of a politically compromised FDA, – approving a vaccine for widespread public use. There is reasonable confusion: Is Operation Taunt Speed ​​Designed to Save the American Public or Ensure Trump’s Reunion? “- Brian Resnick, Vox

A public awareness campaign needs to start now, not after the vaccine is ready

“Getting started now is the best way to ensure that people who need the Kovid-19 vaccine the most can trust it, spend it, acquire it and be protected by it. Can. ” – Bisola o. Ojikutu, Julie H. Levison and Catherine E. Stephenson, Washington Post

Government and private companies should be open and honest

“We should level with the American public during an epidemic in this way.” – Former CDC Director Tom Freeden, Wall Street Journal

Vaccine awareness campaigns should be delivered to specific communities

“Different strategies will be needed to address the various causes of vaccine hesitation. … Those concerned about safety will need reassurance; People of color will need to be engaged in a confidence-building process; And those concerned with government redundancy will need to be heard. ”- USA Today from Medical Anthropologist Monica Shook-Spana

Black Americans need special attention

“There are very important and historical reasons in the African American community, including racism, segregation, and experimentation, to be very disgusting. This is complicated by the fact that African Americans are valued significantly less among doctors and researchers, so these communities do not have reliable messengers. ”- Medical Equity Specialist Dr. Joseph Betancourt to Boston Globe

Will be more willing to take a safe, effective vaccine than opinion polls

“Maybe I’m an old-fashioned idiot, but I think most people would welcome the vaccine if the rollout is corrected.” Most people are quite afraid of COVID. A minority bitten their noses, many of them for political reasons. How will it change when there is a vaccine [hopefully] Does health risk change the equation to some extent? “- Kaiser Health News from Historian David Oshinsky

Democrats should not reject a safe vaccine only despite Trump

“The automatic rejection of the ‘Trump vaccine’ is a mistake, and potentially a very serious one, that can delay meeting our dire need in normal life for months.” – Bonnie Christian, The Week

Low public confidence can actually be a good thing at first

It will take some time before the 320-something million dose becomes available, so health officials will likely want to prioritize some people – health care workers, the elderly, immunocopromised – before moving on to a lower-risk demographic. Reduced demand among the general public may at least be helpful. – Jim Gerghty, National Review

Lessons can be learned from attempting to combat anti-vaccination conspiracies

“As the outbreak of measles repeatedly appears, we have not done a great job addressing people’s concerns about vaccines. And if we do not learn from their unsuccessful response to them, a coronavirus vaccine program will be ruined. ”- Phoebe Denziger, New York Times

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Photo Illustration: Yahoo News; Photos: Getty Image