Kenyan officials are Under pressure To lift the ban on the importation of second-hand clothes, known as “Mitumba” in the country.
Government imposed ban In march 2020, referring to Kovid-19 Epidemic.
Country in 2019 Imported 184,555 Tons of second hand clothes with approximate value KSh17.8 billion, according to this Official data. It was one of the top 20 imports in the country.
Second-hand clothing dealers have criticized the ban, arguing that imported clothing does not pose a public health risk.
“The latest scientific advice indicates that the import of second-hand clothing and footwear into Kenya poses no credible public health risk,” said Teresia Njenga, chairperson of Mitumba Association of Kenya.
This is because goods are shipped “for an average of 45 days” and in “sealed containers” Told reporters In July 2020.
“Scientific evidence concludes that the Kovid-19 virus cannot survive on inanimate objects for nine days. Additionally, in the period after March, World Health Organization The movement of goods or goods is not banned as a measure to prevent the spread of Kovid-19. “
We investigated whether the evidence held these claims to be true
(Note: We have asked the organization about the source of its claim as to how long the new coronovirus survives and will update this report with your feedback.)
Existence of Kovid-19 on surfaces similar to other coronavir
According to a team of Global health specialist At the Meedan Digital Health Lab, SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Kovid-19, can live from three hours to seven days. The lab serves to simplify health and medical science.
according to this April 2020 guidance By the World Health Organization, or WHO, the existence of “viruses on surfaces” is similar to SARS-CoV1, a virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (Sars). It ranges from two hours to nine days.
To support this observation, WHO cited two studies. Two of the experts involved in the investigation of Africa were contacted.
Experts say there is usually a little less than 1-2 days risk
Dr. Vincent Munster, Head of Virus Ecology Unit In america National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Co-authored April 1, 2020 The paper, Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 Compared with SARS-CoV-1.
The paper found that SARS-CoV-2 remained viable to the same viability as SARS-CoV-1, which causes the virus Sars.
Munster told Africa Czech that “there was no risk from the importation of these or other goods”. The reason for this is “generally SARS-CoV-2 cannot survive more than a day or two”.
There is no risk of the virus surviving in the last 9 days
Dr. Gunter Kampf, Professor in Sanitation and Environmental Medicine Institute On Greifswald University In Germany, co-author a The paper Titled Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biochemical agents.
Published in February 2020, it was found that SARS-CoV virus survived Six to nine days On plastic at room temperature. “We expect a similar effect against SARS-CoV-2,” the paper concludes.
Kampf told AfricaCheck that the information was the same since it was published. “To my knowledge, the maximum of nine days is still correct,” he said.
Kampf gave us a June 2020 paper How long can nosomomial pathogens survive on textiles, on textiles? A systematic review.
(Note: Accordingly To WHO, Nosocomial infections are those “received in the hospital by a patient who was admitted for a reason other than that infection”).
The paper found that a coronovirus that is a clinical isolate of the SARS coronavirus survived on a Cotton gown For 24 hours. The paper did not specify how long coronavirus survived synthetic fiber or Compound and other fibers.
Kampf told AfricaCheck that with all the data currently published, he was “fairly certain” that the Kovid-19 virus could survive for a maximum of nine days on all material tested.
Conclusion: Proof Kovid-19 will not live on cloth for more than nine days
Emphasizing the removal of a ban on the importation of second-hand clothes in Kenya, an industry lobby said that scientific evidence shows that the Kovid-19 virus cannot survive on an inanimate object for nine days.
The government ceased popular imports in March 2020, citing the risk of infection with new coronoviruses.
Research and experts released by the World Health Organization support the second-hand clothing lobby claim. So we get it right.
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