The study found that while most of Brazil’s agricultural production is deforestation-free, the 2% of assets studied in the Amazon and Cerro accounted for 62% of illegal deforestation. The study notes that a significant part of that deforestation is linked to agricultural exports.
The authors of the report stated, “The small but very destructive part of the region is a threat to the economic prospects of Brazil’s agribusiness, due to regional and global environmental consequences.”
Meanwhile, the far-flung and pro-business president vowed to explore the economic potential of the rainforest. He found that in China, the country’s largest trade partner, which increased imports of beef and soy from Brazil in the wake of the US trade war.
For making The link between illegal deforestation and agricultural exports, The team – led by Raoni Rajao, a professor in social studies of science at the Federal University of Minas Gerais – land-use and deforestation maps for Brazil and information on 815,000 rural properties in the Amazon and Cerrado, as well as transportation of cattle. Documents. They have also developed software that calculates the level at which each property studied was complying with environmental and deforestation laws.
They found that approximately 1.9 million metric tons of soy could be grown on properties with illegal deforestation that could reach the EU markets annually. This means that 22% of all soy exported from this region to the European Union is potentially contaminated.
The authors warn that the real percentage may be higher because their sample contains 80% of the soy planted in the field.
Roughly 41% of EU soy imports come from Brazil, equivalent to 13.6 million metric tons per year.
Between 25% and 40% of EU beef imports come from Brazil. The study estimated that 12% of the 4.1 million cows traded for slaughterhouses in the states of Para and Mato Grosso in 2017 came directly from properties from potential illegal deforestation.
But this number increases to about 50% when taking suppliers indirectly contaminated with illegal deforestation. It also includes that if a ranch does not do deforestation but buys cattle from what it does.
The study also stated that in the state of Mato Grosso, pollution of beef exports from illegal deforestation can account for up to 44% in the Amazon and 61% in Cerrado regions.
The report noted that the Brazilian government “insists that national laws ensure high protection standards, and therefore trade restrictions should not include legally authorized deforestation.” But there may be major implications for their results that when countries go ahead with trade agreements they find that a portion of the imports may be linked to the illegal afforestation of the Amazon.
The authors said in the report, “International buyers of Brazilian agricultural commodities have raised concerns about products contaminated by deforestation.” “Among concerns is that increasing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and wildfires in Brazil may cancel the EU’s climate change mitigation efforts.”
According to INPE data, the first quarter of 2020 had already seen more than 50% increase in deforestation compared to the previous year.
Amid the trade war with the US, China for soybean supplies and as China turns to Brazil, experts worry that Brazil’s agricultural boom will come at the expense of housing like Cerrado and the Amazon.
In their report, the authors found that 120,000 properties in their study had deteriorated after 2008. Approximately 36,000 of those properties in the Amazon – 84% in Cerrado – and 27,000 – representing 35% – carried out this deforestation, saying they were in all likelihood illegal.
The authors stated that “all of Brazil’s economic partners do not ban importation and consume deforestation, consume or illegally contaminate agricultural products, indirectly for deforestation and GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions.” Must share the blame. “
The authors said the report raised awareness of Brazil’s importance to “protect its environmental assets” and to suppress international efforts to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
CNN’s Amy Woodayt, Flora Charner and Eliza Mackintosh contributed.