A kernel of self-awareness at the core of your identity connects memories of the past with the fleeting sensations of the present, and a touch of predictability for the future.
The question is whether this trend of ‘AAP’ is as strong as it is felt that it has troubled philosophers and psychologists throughout the ages. A new, smaller psychological study weighs in, the findings of brain scans to see if at least some of you actually conform to your growing and age.
“In our study, we tried to answer the question whether we are the same person throughout our life,” said Maguel Rubian, a neuroscientist at the University of Complutense, Madrid.
“In combination with previous literature, our results show that there is one component that remains constant while another part is susceptible to change over time.”
Self-continuity forms the very basis of identity. Every time you use the word ‘I’, you are referring to a thread that avoids a series of experiences in the tapestry of a lifetime that has yet to emerge as your youth’s own Represents the relationship between.
Yet identity is more than the sum of its parts. Consider the metaphor of Thuse’s ship, or the grandfather’s ax paradox – a device that had its shaft turned, as well as its head, but is still somehow the same ax that Grandpa had.
If our experiences change us, the components of our identity are interchanged with every heartbreak and every promotion, every disease, and every fall, then can we truly say that we are today ourselves See when we were four years old?
You can be forgiven for thinking that there seems to be something more philosophical than philosophical navelology that one might call science. But there are approaches that psychology – and even the wiring of our neurological programming – can flesh out.
Rubiens and his team focused primarily on the ‘how and when’ of neurology dealing with familiar faces, relying on previous research that suggests visual self-recognition, along with perception of self May serve as an indicator of relationship building.
In what is known as the self-referencing effect, we do a better job of recalling or identifying information if it is in some way personally connected to us, such as seeing your face in a picture.
While there is a lot of evidence supporting the existence of phenomena, the exact timing and mechanism of the process in our brain is an open question.
Conflicting studies have uncovered various neurological processes to distinguish our own faces from others, for example, in each of the highlighting areas of the brain used to connote and identify a set of familiar features.
Determining the type of neurological activity involved can tell us whether we are simply triggered by our own facial recognition, such as meeting an old friend, or building a genuine relationship with ourselves, both past and present. Represents.
To make it work, the team did a recognition task with a group of 20 students. Each was presented with 27 images, some with their own face, the face of a close friend, and an unfamiliar face, all in the stages of life.
Each image appears on the screen one second at a time, during which the participant had to press a button to identify who they were watching: themselves, friends, or strangers. A second test asked them to identify the person’s standard of living: childhood, adolescence, or adulthood.
Meanwhile, dozens of electrodes were busy ejecting a mixture of brainwashes from their gray matter, drawing a map of the activity.
That map, and the timing of participants’ reactions, strongly suggest that our own perception – the sense of ‘I’ – gets updated throughout our lives, giving it stability. We actually process that inter-toothed picture of ourselves as a fourth grade, and not just a familiar image of a child having to share his memories.
The study also uncovered interesting similarities in how we process our past selves and our close friend’s impressions, hinting at a complexity in how time can shape the impressions of our identity.
Of course it is important to note that this study was conducted on a small sample size and is far from the last word on the subject.
But change over time and neatly detecting a rigorous neurological underpinnings for the sense of self experienced suggests other studies that suggest there are also cultural influences on how we view identity.
Significantly, the neurological descriptions of specific brain bits responsible for sorting yourself out of strangers can help us better understand why some people do not share this notion.
Disturbances in that thread of recognition often define conditions such as schizophrenia, which place individuals at risk of self-harm.
“It demonstrates the importance of basic and clinical research alike in the study of the role of personal identity, as it promises to be a much more important concept than previously thought and is fundamental in psychological assessment and intervention processes Can play a role, ”he says. Rubianes.
Some days we all feel that we are uncertain as we are. Rest assured, there is a good chance inside your mind that you will always be there.
This research was published in psychophysiology.