Boeing reported more than 737 MAX failures in a House report as the company tries to return the aircraft for service

Several design, management, and regulatory failures during the development of the 737 Max preceded the “preventable death” of 346 people in two crashes of the popular Boeing jetliner, according to a terrible congressional report released Wednesday.

The 238-page report by the Housing Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure portrayed Boeing as having prioritized benefits over safety and detailed “troubling cultural issues”, showing some experienced “undue pressure” related to employee surveys as the manufacturer competed In order to collide Airbus raced to eliminate the aircraft. . The report stated that concerns about the aircraft were not adequately addressed for the design change.

This year, some lawmakers introduced legislation that aims to increase industry supervision of the Federal Aviation Administration.

This report works for about 18 months, as regulators are in the final stages of work to reorient aircraft. The 737 MAX has been grounded worldwide since March 2019, following two fatal crashes of aircraft.

“They were the dreaded culmination of a series of flawed technical assumptions by Boeing’s engineers, a lack of transparency on behalf of Boeing’s management, and widespread inadequate oversight by the FAA – respectful results from regulatory capture in relation to the FAA. Boeing For its responsibilities to conduct strong inspections and to ensure the safety of the flying public, ”the report stated. MPs and staff obtained 600,000-page records from Boeing from the FAA, airlines and others, conducted interviews with two dozen employees and regulators to examine it, and considered the comments of whistleblowers who reached out to the committee.

Lion Air Flight 610 from Jakarta, Indonesia, on March 29, 2018, and Ethiopia Airlines Flight 302 from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, both crashed shortly after takeoff on March 10, 2019, killing all the people. At the heart of the accidents was an automated system known as the MCAS, against which pilots of both flights fought. It was activated after receiving incorrect sensor data.

Pilots were not informed of the MCAS after the first accident and the mention of it was removed from their manual. Last year, the National Transportation Safety Board found that Boeing had reduced the pilots’ ability to handle the alert’s haste during maladies.

Boeing has made changes to the MCAS system which makes it less powerful, gives pilots more control and provides more data before it is activated. This is among other changes regulators have reviewed as part of the process of securing the aircraft to the traveling public.

“We have learned many difficult lessons as a company from the crashes of Lion Air Flight 610 and Ethiopian Flight 302,” Boeing said in a written statement. “As this report acknowledges, we have made fundamental changes to our company as a result, and continue to look for ways to improve. Change is always difficult and requires daily commitment, but we continue to work as a company. Dedicated to. ”

House report led by Rep. Peter DeFazio, D-Ore., Committee chair and rep. The head of the Aviation Subcommittee, Rick Larson, D-Wash., Said its investigation “leaves the question of accepting Boeing’s will.” , And learn from the company’s mistakes. ”

Family members of some accident victims say that Boeing has not done enough.

“I think the project as a whole should be scrapped,” Yalena Lopez-Lewis, whose husband Antoine was killed on an Ethiopian Airlines flight, said in an interview. “I think it was a hasty project and … now they are running to recap. You can’t put a dollar’s value on any passenger’s life.”

Michael Stumo, whose daughter Samya Stumo died in an Ethiopian Airlines crash, Boeing and regulators did not do enough after the first crash five months ago.

“It was a mistake before Lion Air. It was unforgivable after Lion Air,” he said in an interview.

The crash pushed Boeing into its biggest crisis ever, as its best aircraft could not be delivered to customers and costs rose. Various missteps cost Dennis Muelbenberg, former Boeing CEO, and the company has to undergo an internal restructuring to improve its approach to security. Now the coronavirus epidemic that has coupled the broad-based demand for air travel around the world presents Boeing with a new problem: the cancellation of aircraft is piling up.

Manufacturer’s problems do not end with the 737 Max. It recently discovered flaws in some 787 Dreamliners, prompting inspections that delivery of wide-body aircraft has slowed.