To give context: WASP-127b is a gas giant that is 1.4 times the size of Jupiter but only 20% dense, with a surface temperature of 2,060 degrees Fahrenheit (1,127 degrees Celsius), and it only takes four days to orbit your star Of the thousands of exoplanets we have discovered so far, we have never encountered anything like this before.
And since the exoplanet has clear skies (around 50 percent of clear skies), a team of astronomers at the University of Cambridge and the Institute of Astrophysics of the Canary Islands (IAC) in Spain were able to badyze the planet by observing it through of the Gran Canarias Telescope in the Canary Islands, and determined that it is extremely metallic. And possibly also contain water.
Specifically, its atmosphere appears to be full of sodium, potbadium and lithium. The presence of lithium is especially interesting because the star of the planet, WASP-127, is also filled with the same metal, which could mean that this star extracted some leftover materials from a nearby supernova when the system was being formed for the first time.
for water, the signals were weak but still distinctive. Researchers hesitate to state that water has been found conclusively, but finding possible watermarks on a strange planet like this is still an achievement. It can be difficult to say with certainty until the technology to study exoplanets improves.
The James Webb Space Telescope will be a remarkable improvement in the technology of observing exoplanets once it is launched, and the team hopes that WASP-127b can be a reference planet just because it is so unusual. Unfortunately, the James Webb telescope has had several problems during its construction, and although it is scheduled for launch in 2020, there is a possibility that it will be delayed further (again).
But once it is in space, we may be able to say with certainty what WASP-127b conceals beneath its metallic skies.