Biden signs executive functions on COVID, climate change, immigration and more

On his first day in office, President Joe Biden signed a number of executive functions, some of which were reverse decisions made by his predecessor by former President Donald Trump.

The executive actions will change America’s response to COVID-19 and seek to ease the financial pressure on the Americans who are affected by the epidemic. But other executive actions are directly targeted and undo Mr. Trump’s actions environment, Immigration, US Census, and Regulatory Changes.

Mr Biden signed three executive orders in the presence of reporters – enforcing a façade mandate on federal property, increasing support for underlined communities and rejoining the Paris Climate Agreement.

“I thought there’s no time to wait. Get to work immediately,” he told reporters.

Biden opening
President Joe Biden signs his first executive orders in the Oval Office of the White House on Wednesday, January 20, 2021 in Washington.

Ivan Vuki / AP

Mr Biden said the letter called Mr Trump very “generous” for him, but said he would not divide the content because they are “private”.

Incoming top Biden White House advisers noted the action on a press call Tuesday evening. The Biden aide also promised that there would be more to come.

“In the coming days and weeks we will announce additional executive actions that address these challenges and deliver presidential-election promises to the American people, including the repeal of the ban on military service by transgender Americans and Mexico City The policy involves reversing. ” The incoming White House press secretary, Jane Saki, said in a statement.

Below is a breakdown of CBS News’ Mr. Biden’s first 15 executive orders and two executive functions he was expected to sign on Wednesday:

COVID-19 response

Start the “100 Day Masking Challenge” A nationwide face mask by federal buildings and federal employees and contractors and calling for a social distinction mandate in federal buildings.

Federal government coordination for COVID-19 epidemic. The Biden White House is bringing back an Obama-era situation known as the “Directorate for Global Health Security and Directod”, which was held after the 2014 Ebola epidemic with additional staff within the National Security Council. This directorate office was shattered in other roles during the Trump administration, but Biden and his campaign advisers argued that the federal government’s preparedness for the COVID-19 epidemic had declined. Mr. Biden will also formally implement a “response coordinator” who will report to the President on vaccine, testing and personal protective equipment production, supply and distribution. Mr. Biden has hired Jeff Zeders, who is overseeing Mr. Biden’s COVID-19 team, to transition to President.

Rejoin the World Health Organization (WHO), Whom the Trump administration was in the process of leaving. Mr. Biden is also looking to reestablish America as an active leader in the WHO.

Financial relief for americans

Increase expulsion and foreclosure moratorium. To do this, Biden will call on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to re-implement and extend the already deteriorated moratorium by 31 March. The new chairman will also call on agriculture, housing and urban development departments and veterans. Cases to extend foreclosure postponement for their foreclosure backed mortgages. “These emergency measures are important,” Mr. Biden’s top economic adviser Brian Desse said on the call with reporters, “There are over 11 million mortgages guaranteed by the VA, the Department of Agriculture and HUD that will be extended.”

Continue “Stop” on student loan payments until 30 September. Biden advisors say Biden still supports his campaign to cancel $ 10,000 student loan, But it will take time because it will have to pass through Congress.


Concerned with Paris Climate Agreement. The Paris climate talks took place under the Obama administration and led to the upcoming climate change Cesar John Kerry when he was secretary of state. It will take 30 days to apply.

Cancel oil and gas development at the end Keystone XL Pipeline and National Wildlife Monuments. To do so, Biden’s climate adviser Gina McCarthy explained that the Biden administration would abandon or retract more than 100 “damaging” presidential announcements, memorandums or permits signed by the Trump administration that the new administration is harmful to the environment.

The revoking permit would effectively nix the Keystone pipeline. Mr Biden will reverse the 2020 decision by the Trump administration to allow land development at the Beers Ars and Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monuments in Utah and at Simmons and Seamots Marine National Monuments in Northeast England, which were set aside for wildlife in 2016. Security by former President Obama. Other changes include considering “amendments to vehicle fuel economic and emission standards,” as the executive orders outline, and the inclusion of federal working groups to deal with greenhouse gases.

human rights

The task of advancing racial equity through the federal government. Incoming domestic policy adviser Susan Rice explained that President Biden wants each federal agency to review equity in its programs and actions. For example, with this executive action the Office of Management and Budget will analyze if federal funds are evenly distributed in communities of color and other places, the executive action outline said. Rice also said Trump’s “damaging” 1776 commission, an 18-member board drafted in September, would be halted. The commission’s goal was to study the president’s concern that the American education system was taking a very liberal approach to American history.

Re-count non-citizens in the US Census. It overturned President Trump’s order in July 2020 to not count undisputed Americans, which would affect federal allocation of money and federal representation. Rice said in a press call on Wednesday that Trump is an “approach that violates the Constitution and the Census Act and is inconsistent with our nation’s history and our commitment to representative democracy.” The Biden team’s executive order outline stated that Biden “will ensure that the Census Bureau has time to complete an accurate population count for each state” and that “he will then present to Congress what is fair and accurate.” Efficiently renders federal resources. ” And fairly distributed for the next decade. ”

Strengthen workplace discrimination protections based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Among agencies, it broadens federal protections against sex discrimination to include LGBTQ Americans.


Protect the “Dreamers” program for unqualified young Americans. Mr. Biden, in this executive order, calls for Congress to be given permanent status and to grant Dreamers a path to citizenship – about one million unmarried youth who were brought into the country as children and saved from deportation by President Obama Was. The Trump administration challenged the law but the Supreme Court upheld it.

The so-called “Muslim travel ban,” Which prohibits travel and immigration to the US from Syria, Iran, Iraq, Sudan, Libya, Somalia and Yemen in 2017, before adding Eritrea, Nigeria, Myanmar, Kyrgyzstan and Tanzania in 2020. For these countries.

Change Trump’s arrest priorities for immigration and customs enforcement (ICE) ) is. This executive order will repeal the changes made in the first week of his presidency in 2017 to make internal immigration enforcement more stringent. Some specifics were listed in the outline of the executive order, but the incoming Biden White House team, in partnership with other agencies to the Department of Homeland Security, said “Citizens will set immigration enforcement policies that best protect the American people And conform to them. Our values ​​and priorities. ”

Prevent border wall construction. Mr. Biden ended the national emergency declaration cited by the Trump administration to divert funds for the construction of the southern wall.

Protect for a group of Liberia in the country. Liberals who have been in the United States for many years will remain for a long time. His “deferred enforcement departure” will be extended an additional year until June 30, 2022. President Trump briefly considered ending the move before finalizing the program.


Freezing last minute Trump administration regulatory action. Technically, White House Chief of Staff Ron Clann would be accused of carrying it out, and a presidential memorandum would be formally frozen the rules.


Formulate executive branch ethics principles. Mr. Biden wants employees of each executive branch to sign a moral pledge. The pledge also calls for the federal employees’ promise to “maintain the independence of the Department of Justice,” outlining the executive order.


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