Racial inequality in the United States gained rapid attention this year, and became a decisive topic of national debate when police murders of black Americans ignited months of widespread protests and calls for racial justice and police reforms to the nation .
The unrest has forced US President Donald Trump, a Republican who is running for re-election on a “law and order” platform, and his main challenger, Democratic candidate Joe Biden, wrestling with the complex issue of race in the US To do and try. To appeal to black voters.
But less than two months before the election, in the midst of an epidemic and a record-high unemployment rate, whether black Americans would be excited to come out in large numbers remains uncertain to vote – possibly by 2020. Defining the result of the election.
A recent poll shows Biden outpacing Trump among black voters with 78 percent support.
“Most Black voters are going to support Joe Biden,” says Ravi Perry, a historical black university professor and chair of the political science department at Howard University.
“But there are differences in enthusiasm,” Perry tells Al Jazeera, “where black women, for example, have far more zeal towards Biden, and many young people, support them, but with much less enthusiasm.”
Earlier this month, the two candidates fielded a black man, seven times in the back, by a white police officer, after the police shooting of Jacob Blake in Kenosa, Wisconsin, a battleground, and the site of the most recent uproar. He remains hospitalized after being shot while officers were trying to arrest him in late August.
Speaking at a local church in Kenosha after a private meeting with Blake and his family, Biden said the latest developments would help Americans face centuries of systemic racism.
In contrast, Trump did not mention Blake by name, refused to accept systemic racism and instead blasted protesters and offered his disproportionate support for law enforcement.
The data shows that black voters have overwhelmingly supported the Democratic Party since at least the 1960s, when the party passed a civil rights law that led to racial segregation and prohibited racial discrimination in voting.
But the black turnout, which peaked in the 2008 and 2012 elections when the US elected and then re-elected the country’s first black president, Barack Obama, was Hillary Clinton’s Democratic presidential nominee in 2016.
More profoundly, there is an increasing level of semiotics among black voters, polluters have argued, particularly among young and male voters, and point to 2016 – when Clinton lost to Trump, black voters There was a six percent decline between – states that proved important in the battlefield.
This year Trump’s campaign is trying to appeal to black voters, particularly black male voters, and improve their 2016 results when 8 percent of blacks voted for them.
According to a recent poll, 13 percent of black voters said they plan to vote for Trump in this election.
Democratic pollster Terrence Woodbury said, according to recent data compiled by him, nearly half of Black voters believe the Democratic Party favors Black voters and may stay at home or vote for Trump.
“What we saw at the Republican National Convention was an extreme attempt to speak directly to the issues that matter most to black men: criminal justice reform and unemployment,” Woodbury said.
On the first night of the convention in August, US Senator, Tim Scott, the only Black Republican from South Carolina, reiterated his personal success story, “Our family moved from cotton to Congress in a lifetime,” he said. And Trump gave John Ponder a full pardon, punishing a black criminal who was a criminal justice activist.
Several other black speakers took the stage during the four-day event, including NFL players and a civil rights activist, and some avoided Biden’s gaff when he said “if you have problems finding out whether You are for me or Trump, so you are not black. ”
Woodbury told Al Jazeera, “During this election year it will be shown that black men are no small part of their (Trump’s) strategy, but the road to victory.”
And yet for many, voting Trump out of office is an inspiration in itself.
Trump promoted the “birder movement”, alleging that Obama was not born in the US. He refused to condemn white supremacists, according to his supreme lawyer Michael Cohen, and recently, he allegedly called black people “too stupid” to vote.
James Lance Taylor, a professor at the University of San Francisco, said many black people would vote for Biden for reasons other than “to deal with the emergency of removing Donald Trump from office.”
Several protesters who took to the streets following George Floyd’s police assassination in May were calling to “discredit the police” who would divert funds from police departments and prisons in favor of investment in social services and re-investigation. Will whether the crimes require a military response.
“I don’t support defending the police,” Biden said. Instead, they have proposed a $ 300m investment in policing, which reflects the diversity of their communities on the officers.
According to a Gallup poll taken in July, 70 percent of blacks support or strongly support reducing the US Police Department’s budget. But despite its popularity among black Americans, strategists said that if Biden supported the idea, it would run the risk of losing the support of middle-old white voters, a dominant demographic.
Democratic strategist Al Jazeera said, “Defunded police may find it very good on Twitter, but a lot of voters, including African Americans, are unaware of it.”
“They want better policing, they want better policing, they don’t want the police to be maligned,” Manley said.
Instead of embracing “defaming the police”, Biden shook black voters by electing Senator Kamala Harris as her running mate, making her the first black woman to be nominated on a major party ticket.
“Black people saw that and were excited by it,” said Cliff Albright, co-founder of the Black Voter Matter Fund.
“There is a section of our community that thinks Kamala Harris’ record is unstable as a district attorney and attorney general,” he said in reference to his years as a prosecutor when he adopted the label “Top Police”. “But the overall feeling is definitely a step in the right direction, a feeling that he recognizes us to be.”
‘Now We Know Better’
The coronovirus epidemic, a disease that has killed more than 192,000 Americans and disgruntled black communities, has added an extra layer of uncertainty about how many and who will be able to cast their votes in November.
Most states said they would expand their mail-in voting system amid congestion and health concerns about long lines. It is unclear how the vote will be affected.
But for most, Albright says, the desire to see Trump out of office puts an emphasis on the importance of voting this year that would overtake all other considerations.
“Even among people who aren’t enthusiastic about Biden, people are more outspoken, now we know better,” he said, “We see what the Trump presidency looks like and it’s our lives And what is affecting our health. “