The then President Bill Clinton helped the broker in the Good Friday Agreement, one of his signature foreign policy achievements that ended a decades-old civil war in Northern Ireland between people who remained loyal to Britain and who Wanted to be part of independent Ireland. Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden and other party leaders in the US have already indicated that Northern Ireland would severely damage the “special relationship” between the US and Britain to advance the peace deal.
Antony Blinken, Biden’s foreign policy adviser and a possible secretary of state in the Biden administration, tweeted on Tuesday that the former vice president was “committed to working hard and protecting peace and stability in Northern Ireland”, and that any change. EU-UK relations should prevent the defense of the Good Friday Agreement “on the island of Ireland” and the withdrawal of a hard border.
Biden himself has often spoken of his Irish roots and affinity for Ireland, describing his 2016 trip to Ireland as “homecoming” and telling Washington audiences that year, “Irish, without fear of contradiction , Has shaped my whole life. “
Brookings Senior Fellow Thomas Wright wrote last month that Britain’s intervention with the Good Friday Agreement would “destroy hopes of a closer engagement with the US” if, indeed, Biden defeated President Donald Trump this November.
The move also poses a threat to Democrats in Congress who have traditionally excluded Irish-American voters.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi on Wednesday refused a UK trade deal if London broke its Brexit agreement with the European Union on the Irish border. “The Good Friday Agreement is the basis of peace in Northern Ireland,” Pelosi said. “If Britain violates that international treaties and Brexit undermine the Good Friday Agreement, there will be no chance of a US-UK trade agreement that Congress can pass.”
Democratic Rep. Richard Neill, chairman of the powerful House Ways and Means Committee that oversees the business, “I urge the continuation of the terms of this joint agreement, particularly with regard to the treatment of Northern Ireland.” , Said in a statement on Tuesday.
Critics, both within and outside the UK, have warned that Johnson’s move would increase pressure by Britain and other democratic governments to pressure China to protect democracy in Hong Kong and another referendum on Scottish independence from Britain Efforts of can also be thwarted.
Former Finnish prime minister and veteran EU treaty negotiator Alexander Stubb told Politico that the UK government was “putting ideology before reality,” calling the move “unprecedented”. Brigadier Lafan, a governance expert at the European University Institute, further called the proposal a “hostile act towards the neighbor”, which would make Britain a “rogue state”.
Britain’s opposition Labor Party foreign policy spokeswoman Lisa Nandy warned on Tuesday that any move to return to the European Union “undermines our moral authority at a critical moment” and “sends a clear signal that the UK will now Does not keep its promises. “
The former colonial power of Hong Kong, for example, is a side of Britain’s international settlement, which assures Hong Kong’s independence from direct rule to Hong Kong by 2047. If London is ready to dissolve its international commitments to the European Union, it will open the way for Beijing. To argue that it is appropriate to violate their commitments to democracy in Hong Kong.
The Internal Markets Bill would provide a new balance of legal powers between the governments of London and Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. This is a point of contention among Scottish nationalists who are agitating for another referendum on independence. Scotland’s first minister Nicola Sturgeon – who supports independence – described the draft law as “an assault on the front on a complete divergence” Tweet Wednesday morning.
Even members of Boris Johnson’s ruling Conservative Party condemned the plan this week, telling parliament that it would undermine Britain’s reputation as it remains committed to the rule of law. “How can the government assure future international partners that the UK can be trusted to comply with the legal obligations of the agreements it signs?” Asked Johnson’s predecessor, Theresa May.
Jonathan Jones, the British government’s chief counsel, resigned in protest of the motion.
The government of Prime Minister Boris Johnson argues that it is simply trying to advance stalled trade talks with the European Union, part of a four-year effort to reduce Britain’s membership in the trade and economic bloc.
Northern Ireland Secretary Brandon Lewis, the UK minister in charge of the Good Friday Agreement, was admitted to Parliament, however, the bill “breaks international law in Northern law in a very specific and limited way”.
Lewis’s admission attracted immediate response from Brussels.
Charles Mitchel, president of the European Council, which sets the strategic direction of the block, said the UK Withdrawal Agreement would have to be fully implemented, adding, “Breaking international law is not acceptable and requires us to build our future relations” Self-confidence is not required. . “Bernad Lanz, chairman of the European Parliament’s trade committee, called for a” moratorium “on trade talks with Britain
Brexit supporters have long seen the UK’s departure from the European Union as a way to increase the country’s economic independence. Stalled trade talks are not yet distributing that freedom. As UK chief negotiator David Frost wrote to Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Monday night, “We need to see more realism from the European Union about its status as an independent country.” Britain would not allow itself to be implicated as the “client state” of the European Union, Frost swore.
For Johnson’s government, the proposed legislation is a compromise strategy. The UK economy is just one-sixth the size of the remaining 27 EU countries – limiting its leverage in current negotiations – and if it takes the threat of breaking international law to make up for the lack of dialogue between the UK And change the dialogue dynamic. A gambling Johnson appears ready to take over the government.
Graham Lanctree contributed to this report.