- Osteoporosis and osteoarthritis are sometimes mistaken for each other.
- Osteoarthritis refers to deformities of joints
- Osteoporosis causes loss of bone mass and increases the risk of fracture
World Arthritis Day 2020: October 12 is celebrated as World Arthritis Day. Arthritis is inflammation of the joints that affects movement. The urban population has become increasingly sedentary, resulting in impaired muscle mass and bone strength. We are now faced with a modern epidemic, where the prevalence of arthritis (especially knee arthritis) has become very common in men and women after a certain age. This age related arthritis which is by far the most common type of arthritis is called osteoarthritis.
World Arthritis Day: What You Need to Know About Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis
In India, osteoarthritis occurs at the age of 55–60 years. Not only is the patient profile of people suffering from arthritis in the subcontinent getting younger, they also tend to have more severe arthritis with more morbidity and disability than earlier generations.
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Osteoporosis and osteoarthritis are sometimes mistaken for each other. While osteoarthritis refers to degeneration of joints, osteoporosis refers to loss of bone mass that increases the risk of fracture.
A silent disease, osteoporosis can progress over the years and remain undetermined without symptoms until fracture occurs. Osteoporosis is a painless condition that becomes painful if one experiences a broken bone or fracture.
One of the common types of arthritis is osteoarthritis; A painful condition that can affect the joints, especially the hips, knees, neck, lower back or hands and feet. When osteoarthritis develops, the cartilage in the joint becomes rough and thin.
Symptoms of arthritis
Depending on the type of arthritis you have, symptoms may include pain, stiffness, swelling, redness, and decreased range of motion.
Due to arthritis
The increasing prevalence of arthritis and its catastrophic effects are related to lifestyle and dietary changes in the Indian population.
The urban Indian is much less moving than its ancestors and the amount of physical activity has also reduced. Women are more affected due to various factors, including reduced physical activity and reduced muscle mass.
The most common joint affected by arthritis. The weight joints of the knees, roughly the thighs, are driven by the group of muscles in front of the quadriceps. These muscles weaken rapidly due to inactivity and prolonged sitting. Weakness of these muscles usually increases arthritis pain which worsens these muscles.
Inactivity also contributes to obesity which is one of the leading causes of arthritis.
Cumulatively deprives affected patients, ability to walk, conduct daily life activities and enjoy life in general. A more frightening effect is on the general health of a patient, as this deficiency results in poor cardio-vascular health, and worsening diabetes.
Also read: Joint pain in winter: 5 ways to deal with joint pain and other arthritis symptoms in winter months
How to prevent arthritis?
Like any other mechanical machine, these joints also have wear and tear over time and have age-related arthritis called osteoarthritis.
The bones that make up the joints are actually covered with very fine, almost frictionless cartilage, giving us endless, painless movement over the years. But when it exits over time the underlying bone is exposed, causing inflammatory reactions in the joints. There is joint pain and the person may have difficulty walking or it can be painful even when resting.
Age-related osteoarthritis develops very slowly. The inflammatory type of arthritis can develop rapidly, like rheumatism. I call it “Red Flag Arthritis” because if it is not treated in a timely manner, early and specific disease detection drugs cannot be modified, destroying not only many joints in the body, but The disease can also affect many other organs.
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Keeping the weight in mind, strengthening the muscles around the joints, stretching and flexible exercises go a long way in keeping the joints healthy and pain free.
In the early part of the disease, pain can be managed by the above measures and simple pain relievers and sometimes drugs that are likely to enhance cartilage health. For inflammatory types of arthritis, it is extremely important to modify medications under medical supervision.
For end-stage arthritis, it is now possible to replace the joint for most major joints and small joints of fingers. Computer assistance has added another great dimension to joint replacement and helps in precise placement of the prosthetic joint, increasing its efficiency and longevity is expected
Joint replacement enables patients to walk pain-free for long distances. This not only increases their mobility, but also helps prevent other diseases, which require exercise like diabetes, blood pressure, etc. In addition, pain-free and lime-free mobility brings back self-esteem in leprosy patients.
Also read: Best ways to reduce the pain caused by osteoarthritis of knee
(Dr. Yash Gulati, Senior Consultant, Orthopedics and Joint Replacement, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi)
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