As Gulf states deal with Israel, Palestinians support Fraz

For nearly two decades, Arab states deferred possibilities for a normalized relationship with Israel over the Saudi-led plan, which conditioned an agreement to give the Palestinians their own state.

But the United Arab Emirates’ move to establish full diplomatic relations with Israel last month, and Bahrain’s move to do the same on Friday, reflect a fracture in the ranks – Even leaving the Palestinians behind.

Khalid Elgindi, a senior fellow at the Middle East Institute and a one-time adviser to the Palestinian, said, “There is no one who does or does not go forward, the message for the Palestinians is clear: You are completely on your own.” Leadership. “The Palestinians already knew they could not trust the US, and now the traditional base of their support – the Arab world – is peaking.”

The notion that most Arab states could be ready to normalize relations with Israel without a two-billion solution is a bid in the coming weeks for the Trump administration to follow the lead of the UAE to pressure others Can be pressurized to do what it can label. Diplomatic breakthroughs before November’s US presidential election.

On Saturday, Israeli media reported that Trump was pushing for a direct flight from Morocco to Israel. (There are no formal relations between the two countries, but some 3,000 Jews still live in Morocco, and Israelis are allowed to leave). And on Sunday, Oman’s leadership – which has so far opposed normalization – issued a statement saying it welcomed Bahrain’s initiative on relations with Israel, even as it supported its two-state solution Repeated.

“Oman hopes that this new strategic path taken by some Arab countries will lead to a peace based on the end of Israel’s occupation of Palestinian land and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as the capital.”

In some ways, most Arab countries have little to normalize relations with Israel, said Karen Young, a scholar at the American Enterprise Institute.

“They make this concession – if it’s a concession – to the Trump administration, so it’s good for them.” But if Biden is elected, who will criticize him for this? “Young said in a phone interview on Saturday. “So it’s a win, and the economic stimulus and back-channel talks were there anyway.”

Yet if it is regarded as a victory for some states to cut a deal, it is seen as a defeat by the Palestinians, who denounced the actions of the UAE and Bahrain as a betrayal. The Palestinian Authority has said Bahrain the deal “legitimized the ugly crimes of Israeli occupation against the Palestinian people.”

It is also unclear how much support there is for normalization with Israel among the general Arab population, where sympathy for Palestinians remains high.

“Governments only represent themselves. These are oppressive monarchies that have full control, whether political or economic, ”Bahrain’s human rights defender Maryam Khwaja said in a phone interview on Saturday in Copenhagen.

Khwaja said that just hours after the deal was announced between Bahrain and Israel, #Bahrainis_Against_Normalization became the top trending hashtag in the country. This happened when he expressed dissatisfaction despite the threats on Bahrain’s face, including imprisonment and torture, activists claim.

“People in Bahrain know that they are putting themselves at risk, but the issue has brought various people together, whether Sunnis, Shias, secularists,” he said.

Michael Stephens, an associate of the Royal United Services Institute, said that even though the UAE and Bahrain regional heavyweight Saudi Arabia have gone ahead with the silent approval, it is unlikely that Riyadh will follow suit.

“Once you walk through that door you don’t really come back. And there is a high cost to Saudi Arabia, ”Stephens said in a phone interview on Sunday. He said that as the main architect behind the Arab peace initiative, it would be difficult for Saudi Arabia to initiate normalization with no concession from Israel, especially with the state’s position as leader of the Muslim world.

“Saudi Arabia cannot do peace deals just like a small Gulf monarchy. A Saudi monarchy has to think about the dynamics that an Imrati or Bahrain prince does not; They are questions of global politics and not just related to pro-deals. ”

According to a census in 2011, the economic stimulus given by Israel and the Trump administration was particularly important for Bahrain, which had a Jewish community of about 30 people, and the years-long moves indicated that it would normalize Will welcome, including hosting a peace. And the Samrudhi workshop last year. Economically, Young of the American Enterprise Institute said, the country faces a deficit that has limited its public debt to 93% of its annual economic output, making it dependent on foreign investment, it would expect Is that it will move forward after normalizing relations with Israel.

In recent years, the UAE has already had a silent relationship, calling on Israeli technology in medical, cyber security and drone warfare. It also hopes that Israel will support Israel for its bid to purchase F-35 aircraft from the US

Thus, Young said, there is little fallout on Palestinian issues. When Washington moved its embassy to Jerusalem, for example, protests erupted in some Arab capitals, but the outrage did not persist.

Trump administration officials have also sought to ease religious tensions, saying that Israel will allow worshipers from the UAE and Bahrain to worship in the Aksa Mosque, one of Islam’s holiest sites.

Senior White House adviser and Trump’s son said, “It will ease tensions in the Muslim world and allow people to separate the Palestinian issue from their own national interests and from their own foreign policy.” – Bahrain deal was announced after Lorne Jared Kushner.

In addition, there has been much exodus with Palestinians among smaller Gulf leaders with little regard for the political leanings of their predecessors. For example, in 2018, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman complained that Palestinians should “stop and stop complaining” and accept the White House peace plan.

The Palestinians also have not been helped, Elgindi said, from their own disorganization, with two rival officials in the West Bank and Gaza.

“People lose faith,” Elgindi said. “Why should I support you, if you are not supporting yourself even by doing minimal support, they ask?”

“Yes, they are working with bad faith actors who do not believe in a two-state solution, but also have Palestinian responsibility. The very least you can do at home is in its own order. You can then count or develop a regional strategy. ”

Palestinian leaders say the actions taken by the UAE and Bahrain destroy Arab peace initiatives. And regardless of any normalization agreements, Palestinian Ambassador to the United Kingdom Hussein Jumlott said, peace between Israel and the Palestinians would require an agreement between the two major parties.

“The important question is that this brings us closer to peace in the Middle East? It is not a capital, ”he said in a phone interview on Saturday.

He said the lack of support from the Gulf states would cause additional pain for the Palestinian leadership, but it was “not a makeup-break issue.”

“Neither the Emirates nor Bahrain have fired or are engaged militarily with Israel,” he said. “The conflict in the end is a Palestinian-Israeli conflict.”