As firefighters to deal with the deadly wildfires on the west coast of America surrounded by smoke. Forest fire

Wildfire smoke that has damaged the health of millions of people on the west coast of America as firefighters have been battling deadly explosions that have destroyed some cities and displaced thousands.

The death toll in California, Oregon and Washington rose to 31 and was expected to increase rapidly. The most deaths occurred in California and Oregon.

Oregon’s emergency management director said officials were preparing for a possible “mass disaster event” if many more bodies were turned to ashes. And the state’s fire marshal resigned after being placed on administrative leave. The state’s superintendent of police said the crisis demanded an immediate response, requiring a leadership change.

Those who still had homes were not safe. Half a million Oregonians were under evacuation warnings or orders to leave. With the level of air pollution at historic highs, people filled towels under the doors to keep the smoke out. Some also wore N95 masks in their homes.

Some communities drew parallels from the bomb-blasted cities of Europe after the Second World War, reduced to buildings and blackened the earth with debris piles. If the residents did not manage to escape as they were locked in the flames, then they deteriorated.

Millicent Catarencik’s body was found near a car on his 2ha (five-acre) property in Berry Creek, California. The flames came so quickly that he did not have time to get out. On Tuesday, she packed several of her dogs and cats into the car, but later called her daughter to say that she had decided to stay. Fire personnel had progressed while battling firepower. The air was calm. The flames still seemed far away. They then reached the property. “I think so, maybe when they pass by, they had an army of cats and dogs to help her through it,” said her daughter, Holly Catranukic.

In Oregon alone, according to Governor Kate Brown, more than 40,000 people have been evacuated and about 500,000 are in various levels of evacuation zones.

Thick smoke obscures the Fremont Bridge in Portland, Oregon. Photo: Nathan Howard / Getty Image

Fires along Oregon’s Cascade mountain range increased on Saturday, but at a slower rate than earlier in the week, when strong winds acted like a blower, pushing two large fires – one at Beachy Creek and Riverside – into the other. And the state’s large population center, including the southeastern suburbs of Portland. The fire manager did not have good news: high humidity significantly slowed the flames.

California Assistant Deputy Director Daniel Burlant said that in California, a total of 28 active major fires have burned 1,1330 sq km (4,375 sq mi), and 16,000 firefighters are trying to suppress the flames. Large forests continued to burn in northeastern Washington state. In the middle of August, 22 people died in California across the state due to wildfires.

The White House announced that Donald Trump would visit California on Monday. Democratic Democrats, Joe Biden, and the governors of California, Oregon and Washington State – all Democrats – have said the fire is the result of global warming. “We must act now to avoid a future defined by a joint barrage of future tragedies such as an American family today lasting throughout the West,” Biden said.

Officials said the smoke that painted California’s skies also helped prevent the state’s deadliest eruption by blocking the sun, lowering temperatures and increasing humidity. Smoke also created cold conditions in Oregon, but some places were also blamed for making the most wind in at least 35 years. The air quality index reading was 512 on Saturday morning in the state capital Salem. This scale normally goes from zero to 500. “Literally above 500 is off the charts,” said Laura Gleem, a spokesman for the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality. . Because previous air quality was rarely so poor, the government’s estimate for measuring it was capped at 500, Gleim said. The department started air quality monitoring in 1985.

The weather conditions that give rise to flames and feed the flames were likely a one-time event, said Greg Jones, a professor and research climatologist at Linfield University in McMinnville, Oregon.

Jones said a large high-pressure area stretching from the southwest of Alaska to Alaska brought strong winds from east to west, reducing relative humidity by 8% and causing desert-like conditions, even That Jones also said. Instead of the offshore flow the Pacific Northwest normally enjoys, strong winds pushed down the western slopes of the Cascade Range. It is unclear what conditions caused global warming, Jones said, but a warmer world could increase the likelihood of extreme events and contribute to their severity.