It's not exactly news to know that smoking is terrible for you. But if you're still looking for more inspiration to kick the habit in the new year, just remember that artificial Intelligence (AI) is judging you.
Reports in the magazine. Scientific reports, researchers from the US biotechnology company Insilico Medicine trained an AI algorithm to detect biological age differences between the blood of smokers and non-smokers.
In summary, AI thought that a young smoker was much older than their actual biological age.
"On average, it was predicted that smokers were twice as old as their chronological age compared to nonsmokers," the scientists wrote in their research. "It was predicted that male smokers, on average, would be one and a half times older than their actual chronological age compared to non-smokers."
However, it is worth noting that this effect was only observed in smokers under 40 years of age. The researchers continue writing: "Surprisingly, this effect disappears in older subjects."
The researchers fed the AI with a bank of blood profiles of 149,000 people, 49,000 of whom were smokers, gathered by routine blood tests. Using machine learning techniques, he looked for patterns based on 66 different biomarkers in the blood that are known to relate aging, including levels of glycosylated hemoglobin, urea, fasting glucose, ferritin, etc.
After learning all these data, the AI was badigned the task of guessing the age of the people based on their blood chemistry. They discovered that the automatic learning "aging clock" was quite accurate in judging the healthy age of non-smokers. However, if a person was a smoker under 40, he predicted that their biological age would be "significantly greater than their chronological age."
Blood chemistry is just one of the many ways to judge a person's biological age. While this is actually the first study to use the results of blood tests to quantify aging related to smoking, other studies have badyzed the signs of aging, such as epigenetic aging, in relation to smoking. As you probably guessed, those results were also very bad for smoking.
"I am pleased to be part of the research study, which provides fascinating scientific evidence that smoking is likely to accelerate aging," said Polina Mamoshina, lead research scientist at Insilico Medicine, declaration. "Smoking is a real problem that destroys the health of people, causes premature deaths and is often the cause of many serious diseases. We apply artificial intelligence to prove that smoking significantly increases their biological age. "