Gauss was a German mathematician born on April 30, 1777 in Brunswick, and Doodle honors him on the 241st anniversary of his birth .
He was a German mathematician, astronomer, geodesta and physicist who contributed significantly in many fields, including number theory, mathematical analysis, differential geometry, statistics, algebra, geodesy, magnetism and optics. 
Gauss was the only child of poor parents who had received little or no formal education and his mother was illiterate but that did not limit him.
When he started going to school at the age of seven, he was quickly recognized as a child prodigy who could solve complex mathematical problems.
Being still a teenager, Gauss became the first person to prove the Law of Quadratic Reciprocity, a mathematical theory to determine if quadratic equations can be solved.
Throughout his life, Gauss wrote dozens of articles that delved into geometry, cartography, planetary astronomy, magnetism and electricity, and earned him the prestigious Copenhagen University Prize in 1822. 
He made one of his most important discoveries, built a 17-sided polygon or heptadecagon, using only a ruler and a compass, and in doing so solved a mathematical puzzle initiated by Greek mathematicians.
On the other hand, Johann Carl Friedrich also discovered the equations to describe magnetism – that's why "gauss" is the measure of the magnetic field – and electricity. In addition, he investigated probability and astronomy, developing a system to calculate the orbit of planets. It was because of these contributions that a crater was dedicated to the Moon.
The brilliant mathematician ceased to exist at age 77, on February 23, 1855, due to a heart attack.