New research suggests that the Spanish conquistadors settle at least a dozen women and their children in the Aztec-allied city, where residents sacrifice and eat a troop of Spaniards they captured months earlier Had taken.
The National Institute of Anthropology and History on Monday published findings from years of excavation work in the city of Tecoaque, which means “where they are eaten” in the Nahutal language of the Aztec.
The inhabitants of Tekoac, also known as Zultepec, captured a convoy of about 15 male Spaniards, 50 women and 10 children, 45 foot soldiers, including Cubans of African and indigenous descent, and in 1520 The violent groups had about 350 allies. All were apparently sacrificed in the space of months.
When he heard of it, the conqueror Hernán Cortés ordered Gonzalo de Sandoval to take revenge in early 1521, destroying the city.
Archaeologist Enrique Martínez Vargas said the excavations suggest that the residents of Tecocake knew a retaliatory attack was coming and that the bones of the Spaniards had been fired – some of which were engraved in the trophy – and other evidence In shallow wells.
The people of the city also tried to carry out some primitive defensive tasks along with the city’s main ruin, none of which worked when Dee Sandoval and his punitive expedition set sail.
“Some warriors living in the city managed to escape, but women and children remained and were the main victims,” the institute said in a statement. “This we are able to demonstrate is mainly 120-meter stretches, where the skeletons of a dozen women were found who appeared to ‘protect’ the bones of 10 children between the ages of five and six.”
Excavation photos show children’s bones next to those of adult females, with some of the women’s skulls or hand bones turning to young.
“The bureau’s placement suggests these people were fleeing, massacred and hastily buried,” the institute said. “Women and children who took refuge inside the room were cut off, as revealed by the discovery of hacked bones on the floor. The temples were burned and the idols removed.”
Kruse was performing on both sides at Tecoaque, one of the worst defeats in the Spanish conquest of 1569–21.
The heads of captive Spanish women were stranded on racks of skulls, along with men. Bones analysis showed that the women were pregnant, and in pre-Hispanic practice that could qualify them as “warriors”. Another sacrificial offering involved the body of a woman who was cut in half near the remains of a mutilated child, aged three or four years.
To replicate the mythology of the gods of the Aztec era, a Spanish king was burnt and burnt, according to a myth known as “El Quinto Sol” or the fifth Sun.
A second expedition a year after Cortés’s initial landing in 1519 included convoys from Cuba and were headed to the Aztec capital with supplies and the victor’s property. Cortes was forced to leave the convoy to save his troops, which is now Mexico City.
Experts said members of the captured convoy were held prisoner in door-lace cells, where they were fed for six months. Little by little, the city sacrificed and apparently ate horses, men and women. But the pigs brought by the Spaniards for food were apparently seen with suspicion that they had been killed and released altogether.
On the contrary, the skeletons of the captured Europeans were torn and the burrows’ cut marks indicated that the flesh had been removed from the bones.
Cortes later went on to conquer the Aztec capital in 1521.
Mexico is marking the 500th anniversary of Victory this year as a special round of research and scholarly conferences.