Archaeologists discover possible source of Stonehenge’s Saracen stones

For centuries, the source of Stonehenge’s massive Sarson stones has been an open secret.

Archaeologists and historians have long debated where the giant Sarson stones used to build the prehistoric monuments in Wiltshire, England, may have come from.

On Wednesday, researchers announced a successful discovery, which placed the possible origin of the sarson stones in West Woods – a woodland area just 15 miles from Stonehenge, close to the town of Marsborough.
“Mystery solved!” Tweeted english heritage, Which looks at the site and contributes to the study. “We finally (almost certainly …) know where Stonehenge’s giant Sarson stones come from!”

The stone circle monument, built by Neolithic people, is largely made of two types of stone. There are small slabs known as bluestones, which came from Presley Hills in south-west Wales.

The large standing stones known as the megaliths are made from the Saracen, a local sandstone. They weigh up to 30 tons and stand up to 7 meters (about 23 feet), and form all fifteen stones of Stonehenge’s central horseshoe. Experts have long suspected that the stones may have originated from the Marlborough Downs, a cluster of hills north of the monument – but the truth was that “it is impossible to identify so far,” the statement from English Heritage said Which appears later.
This all changed last year, when a missing piece of stones was returned. A core from a Saracen stone was removed by 1958, and kept by an excavation staff, who asked that it be returned to the memorial on the eve of his 90th birthday.

English Heritage tweeted, “When Robert (employee) decided to return the corps last year, the experts started making a riddle.”

A missing piece of Stonehenge returned after 60 years unlocking the mysteries of the stones. Credit: English heritage

The team, funded by the British Academy, carried out non-destructive testing on sarsen stones and missing cores, which revealed that most share a similar chemistry and come from the same region. Then, he analyzed the exclusion of Saracene from Norfolk to Devon throughout England to compare those chemical compositions with Stonehenge samples. The study is similar to matching “Chemical Fingerprint”, the study said, which was published in Science Advances.

The results finally found the best match in one place – West Woods, about a 40-minute drive away.

David Nash of the University of Brighton, who led the study, said, “It was really exciting to use 21st century science to understand the Neolithic period, and finally answer a question that archaeologists have been debating for centuries . “

West Woods is a picturesque forest area spread over about 390 hectares (960 acres). It is popular for its cycling and walking trails, and for springtime flower blooms.

In April 2011, bluebells bloom in West Woods, England.

In April 2011, bluebells bloom in West Woods, England. Credit: Matt Cardi / Getty Images Europe / Getty Images

There are still unanswered questions. For example, there are two stones that seem to have come from different source areas from other Stonehenge Sarens.

“While this may be coincidental, one possibility is that their presence marks the work of various builder communities who chose to source their material from a different part of the landscape.”

It is also unclear why the original Stonehenge builders chose to source their sarsen from the West Woods, when there were many other surrounding areas densely covered with Sarson stones – but the study team called it the vast size of West Wood stones. Proven the reason.

Historian Susan Greeney said, “We can now say that when Sarsons was sourced, the purpose of over-riding was the size – they wanted the biggest, tallest stones they could find, and that gave them as much Makes sense to pass as much as possible. ” One of the co-authors of the study in the English Heritage Statement. “This is in contrast to the source of the bluestone, where something different – perhaps a sacred connection to these mountains – was in play.”

“This again highlights the evidence of how the building at this stage of Stonehenge was carefully considered and deliberately built,” she said.

The discovery sheds light on where these Neolithic populations were based, and where they collected their materials – but helps narrow the path to Stonehenge. Another long-lasting mystery is not where the stones came from, but how they were taken so far to the site of the memorial.

The study states, “Our results most likely help disrupt the route. For example, researchers may now dismiss previous theories that the stones went from Avebury south or southwest to Stonehenge.

The study stated that further investigation is needed to narrow the exact source location of the boulders within the West Woods and identify “prehistoric Saracen extraction pits”.

In the statement Garenny said, “To be able to pinpoint the area that Stonehenge’s builders source their material around 2500 BCE is a real thrill.” “Now we can begin to understand the route they traveled and can add another piece to the puzzle.”


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