An interstellar meteorite, crossed DNA and water on the moon: this week in space and science



One of the brightest planetary nebulae in the sky and discovered for the first time in 1878, the nebula NGC 7027 can be seen towards the constellation of the Swan.

Asteroid 6478 Gault is seen with the NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope, showing two narrow, comet-like tails that tell us that the asteroid is slowly self-destructing. The bright stripes surrounding the asteroid are background stars. The asteroid Gault is 214 million miles from the Sun, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

The ghostly shell in this image is a supernova, and the bright path that moves away from it is a pulsar.

Hidden in one of the darkest corners of the Orion constellation, this cosmic bat is spreading its nebulous wings through interstellar space two thousand light-years away. It is illuminated by young stars nested in its core, despite being enveloped by clouds of opaque dust, its bright rays still illuminate the nebula.

In this illustration, several rings of dust surround the sun. These rings are formed when the gravity of the planets drags the dust grains into orbit around the sun. Recently, scientists have detected a ring of dust in Mercury's orbit. Others badume that the source of the Venus dust ring is a group of co-orbital asteroids never before detected.

This is an artistic impression of globular star clusters surrounding the Milky Way.

An artistic impression of life on a planet orbiting a binary star system, visible as two suns in the sky.

An artistic illustration of one of the most distant objects in the solar system observed so far, 2018 VG18, also known as "Farout". The pink tone suggests the presence of ice. We still do not have an idea of ​​what "FarFarOut" looks like.

This is an artistic concept of the small moon Hippocamp that was discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope. Only 20 miles wide, it can actually be a broken fragment of a much larger neighboring moon, Proteus, which looks like a half moon in the background.

In this illustration, an asteroid (bottom left) breaks under the powerful gravity of LSPM J0207 + 3331, the oldest and coldest white dwarf known to be surrounded by a ring of dusty debris. Scientists believe that the infrared signal of the system is better explained by two separate rings composed of dust supplied by crumbling asteroids.

An artistic impression of the twisted and twisted disk of the Milky Way. This happens when the rotational forces of the mbadive center of the galaxy pull the outer disk.

It is believed that this object of the Kuiper belt of the radius of 1.3 kilometers (0.8 miles) discovered by researchers at the edge of the solar system is the pbadage between the balls of dust and ice and the fully formed planets.

A selfie taken by NASA's Curiosity Mars at Vera Rubin Ridge before moving to a new location.

The Hubble Space Telescope found a dwarf galaxy hidden behind a large cluster of stars found in our cosmic neighborhood. It is so ancient and pristine that researchers have called it a "living fossil" of the early universe.

How were mbadive black holes formed in the early universe? The rotating gaseous disc of this halo of dark matter is broken into three groups that collapse under its own gravity to form supermbadive stars. Those stars will quickly collapse and form mbadive black holes.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope captured this image of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy from our own Milky Way galaxy. Astrophysicists now believe that it could collide with our galaxy in two billion years.

A mysterious bright object in the sky, nicknamed "The Cow", was captured in real time by telescopes around the world. Astronomers believe that it could be the birth of a black hole or a neutron star, or a new kind of object.

An illustration shows the detection of a rapid radio burst that is repeated from a mysterious source 3 billion light years from Earth.

Comet 46P / Wirtanen will pbad less than 7 million miles from Earth on December 16. Its ghostly, green coma is the size of Jupiter, although the comet itself has a diameter of three-quarters of a mile.

This mosaic image of the Bennu asteroid is composed of 12 PolyCam images collected on December 2 by the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft from a range of 15 miles.

This image of a globular cluster of stars by the Hubble Space Telescope is one of the oldest known collections of stars. The group, called NGC 6752, is more than 10 billion years old.

An image of Apep captured with the VISIR camera in the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory. It is likely that this "pinwheel" star system is doomed to end up in a long-lasting gamma-ray burst.

An artistic impression of the Abell 2597 galaxy, which shows the supermbadive black hole ejecting cold molecular gas as the pump of a giant intergalactic source.

An image of the Wild Duck Cluster, where each star is approximately 250 million years old.

These images reveal the final stage of a union between pairs of galactic nuclei in the disordered nuclei of colliding galaxies.

A radio image of hydrogen gas in the Small Magellanic Cloud. Astronomers believe that the dwarf galaxy is dying slowly and will eventually be consumed by the Milky Way.

Additional evidence of a supermbadive black hole has been found in the center of the Milky Way galaxy. This visualization uses data from simulations of gas orbital movements that revolve around 30% of the speed of light in a circular orbit around the black hole.

Does this look like a bat? This giant shadow comes from a bright star that is reflected in the dusty disk that surrounds it.

Hey, Bennu! The NASA OSIRIS-REx mission, on its way to the primitive asteroid Bennu, is sending images as it approaches its target on December 3.

These three panels reveal a supernova before, during and after it happened 920 million light years from Earth (from left to right). The supernova, nicknamed iPTF14gqr, is unusual because, although the star was mbadive, its explosion was fast and weak. The researchers believe that this is due to a companion star that diverted its mbad.

This is an artistic illustration of what a Neptune-sized moon would look like in orbit to the giant exoplanet Kepler-1625b in a star system 8,000 light-years from Earth. It could be the first exomoon ever discovered.

An artistic illustration of Planet X, which could be configuring the orbits of smaller objects in the outermost solar system that are extremely distant, such as the 2015 TG387.

This is an artistic concept of how SIMP could be J01365663 + 0933473. It has 12.7 times the mbad of Jupiter, but a magnetic field 200 times more powerful than that of Jupiter. This object is 20 light years from Earth. It is on the dividing line between being a planet or being a brown dwarf.

The Andromeda galaxy cannibalized and destroyed the great galaxy M32p, leaving behind this compact galaxy remnant known as M32. It is completely unique and contains a lot of young stars.

Twelve new moons have been found around Jupiter. This graphic shows several groups of moons and their orbits, with the newly discovered ones in bold.

Scientists and observatories around the world were able to trace a high-energy neutrino to a galaxy with a supermbadive black hole that rotates rapidly at its center, known as blazar. The galaxy is to the left of Orion's shoulder in its constellation and is about 4 billion light-years from Earth.

Oumuamua, the first interstellar visitor observed in our solar system, is shown in an illustration of an artist.

Planets not only appear from the air, but require gas, dust and other processes that astronomers do not fully understand. This is an artistic impression of how "infantile" planets look around a young star.

These negative images of 2015 BZ509, which are in a yellow circle, show the first known interstellar object that has become a permanent part of our solar system. The exo-asteroid was probably dragged into our solar system from another star system 4.5 billion years ago. Then it settled into a retrograde orbit around Jupiter.

A close look at the diamond matrix in a meteorite that landed in Sudan in 2008. It is considered to be the first evidence of a protoplanet that helped form the terrestrial planets in our solar system.

2004 EW95 is the first carbon-rich asteroid confirmed to exist in the Kuiper Belt and a relic of the primordial solar system. This curious object was probably formed in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter before being thrown billions of miles into its current home in the Kuiper Belt.

The NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope celebrates its 28th anniversary in space with this stunning and colorful image of the Laguna Nebula 4,000 light-years from Earth. While the entire nebula is 55 light years in diameter, this image only reveals a portion of about four light years.

This is a view more full of stars of the Lagoon Nebula, using the infrared capabilities of Hubble. The reason you can see more stars is because the infrared is able to traverse dust and clouds of gas to reveal the abundance of both young stars within the nebula, as well as more distant stars in the background.

The Rosette Nebula is 5,000 light years from Earth. The distinctive nebula, which some claim is more like a skull, has a hole in the middle that creates the illusion of its rose form.

KIC 8462852, also known as Boyajian Star or Tabby Star, is 1,000 light-years away from us. It is 50% larger than our sun and 1,000 degrees warmer. And it does not behave like any other star, attenuating and illuminating sporadically. The dust around the star, represented here in an artist's illustration, may be the most likely cause of his strange behavior.

This inner slope of a Martian crater has several of the seasonal dark stripes called "recurrent slope lines" or RSL, which a November 2017 report interprets as granular flows, rather than dimming due to water flow. The image is from the HiRISE camera of NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

The impression of this artist shows a supernova explosion, which contains the luminosity of 100 million suns. Supernova iPTF14hls, which has exploded several times, may be the most mbadive and longest ever observed.

This illustration shows the compounds of hydrocarbons that are divided into carbon and hydrogen inside ice giants, such as Neptune, which become a "rain of diamonds (rain)."

This amazing image is the stellar nursery in the Orion Nebula, where the stars are born. The red filament is a stretch of ammonia molecules that are 50 light years long. The blue represents the gas of the Orion Nebula. This image is a set of observations from the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank telescope and NASA's wide field infrared scanning telescope. "We still do not understand in detail how the great clouds of gas in our galaxy collapse to form new stars," said Rachel Friesen, one of the co-principal investigators of the collaboration. "But ammonia is an excellent marker of dense gas that forms stars."

This is what the Earth and its moon look like from Mars. The image is composed of the best image of the Earth and the best image of the moon taken on November 20, 2016 by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The camera of the orbiter takes images in three bands of wavelength: infrared, red and blue-green. Mars was about 127 million miles from Earth when the images were taken.

PGC 1000714 was initially thought to be a common elliptical galaxy, but closer badysis revealed the incredibly rare discovery of a Hoag-type galaxy. It has a round core surrounded by two separate rings.

NASA's Cbadini spacecraft took these images of the planet's mysterious hexagon-shaped current in December 2016. The hexagon was discovered in images taken by the Voyager spacecraft in the early 1980s. It is estimated that it has a diameter wider than two Earths.

A dead star emits a greenish glow in this image of the Hubble Space Telescope of the Crab Nebula, located about 6,500 light-years from Earth in the constellation of Taurus. NASA released the image for Halloween 2016 and showed the subject in its press release. The agency said the "macabre-looking object still has a pulse." In the center of the Crab Nebula is the crushed core, or "heart" of an exploded star. The heart rotates 30 times per second and produces a magnetic field that generates 1 trillion volts, NASA said.

Looking through the dense clouds of dust from the galactic bulb, an international team of astronomers revealed the unusual mix of stars in the star cluster known as Terzan 5. The new results indicate that Terzan 5 is one of the prime building blocks of the planet. bulk, probably the Relic of the early days of the Milky Way.

An artistic conception of Planet Nine, which would be the farthest planet within our solar system. Similar orbits of extreme object clusters at the edge of our solar system suggest that there is a mbadive planet there.

An illustration of the orbits of the new and extremely well-known solar system objects extremely far away. The grouping of most of their orbits indicates that they are probably influenced by something mbadive and very distant, the proposed Planet X.

Welcome to the dark galaxy Dragonfly 44. Like our Milky Way, it has a halo of spherical groups of stars around its nucleus.

A clbadic nova occurs when a white dwarf star gains matter from its secondary star (a red dwarf) over a period of time, causing a thermonuclear reaction on the surface that eventually bursts into a single visible burst. This creates a 10,000-fold increase in brightness, represented here in the representation of an artist.

Gravitational lenses and space distortion are visible in this image of nearby and distant galaxies captured by Hubble.

At the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way, the researchers discovered an X-shaped structure within a group of very tight stars.

Meet UGC 1382: What astronomers thought was a normal elliptical galaxy (left) was revealed as a mbadive disk galaxy composed of different parts when viewed with deep and ultraviolet optical data (center and right). In a complete reversal of the normal structure of the galaxy, the center is younger than its outer spiral disk.

The NASA Hubble Space Telescope captured this image of the Crab Nebula and its "beating heart," which is a neutron star to the right of the two bright stars in the center of this image. The neutron star pulsates 30 times per second. The colors of the rainbow are visible due to the movement of materials in the nebula that occurs during the time lapse of the image.

The Hubble Space Telescope captured an image of a hidden galaxy that is weaker than that of Andromeda or the Milky Way. This low-surface-brightness galaxy, called UGC 477, is more than 110 million light-years away in the Pisces constellation.

On April 19, NASA released new images of bright craters in Ceres. This photo shows the Haulani crater, which has evidence of landslides from its edge. Scientists believe that some craters on the dwarf planet are bright because they are relatively new.

This illustration shows the millions of dust grains that NASA's Cbadini spacecraft has sampled near Saturn. Some dozens of them seem to have come beyond our solar system.

This image from the VLT Surveillance Telescope at the ESO Parbad Observatory in Chile shows a surprising concentration of galaxies known as the Fornax Cluster, which can be found in the Southern Hemisphere. At the center of this cluster, in the center of the three bright spots on the left side of the image, is a galaxy cD, a galactic cannibal that has grown in size by consuming smaller galaxies.

This image shows the central region of the Tarantula Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud. The young dense cluster of stars R136, which contains hundreds of mbadive stars, is visible in the lower right of the image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope.

In March 2016, astronomers published an article on the powerful red flashes from the binary V404 Cygni system in 2015. This illustration shows a black hole, similar to that of V404 Cygni, which devours material from a star in orbit.

This image shows the elliptical galaxy NGC 4889, deeply embedded within the cluster of Coma galaxies. There is a gigantic supermbadive black hole in the center of the galaxy.

An artistic impression of 2MASS J2126, which took 900,000 years to orbit its star, 1 billion kilometers away.

Caltech researchers have found evidence that a giant planet traces a strange and highly elongated orbit in the outer solar system. The object, dubbed Planet Nine, has a mbad about 10 times that of Earth and orbits about 20 times farther from the Sun on average than Neptune.

An artistic impression of how a black hole could be. In February, researchers in China said they had seen a supermbadive black hole 12 billion times the size of the sun.

Are there oceans on any of Jupiter's moons? The Juice probe shown in this artist's print aims to discover it. Image courtesy of ESA / AOES.

Astronomers have discovered powerful auroras in a brown dwarf that is 20 light-years away. This is an artistic concept of the phenomenon.

Venus, the background and Jupiter shine brilliantly on Matthews, North Carolina, on Monday, June 29. The apparent close encounter, called conjunction, has been giving a dazzling display in the summer sky. Although the two planets seem to be very close together, they are actually separated by millions of miles.

The icy moon of Jupiter, Europe, may be the best place in the solar system to search for extraterrestrial life, according to NASA. The moon is about the size of Earth's moon, and there is evidence that it has an ocean below its frozen crust that can hold twice as much water as Earth. The NASA budget for 2016 includes a $ 30 million request to plan a mission to investigate Europe. The image above was taken by the Galileo spacecraft on November 25, 1999. It is a mosaic of 12 frames and is considered the best image on the European side facing Jupiter.

This nebula, or cloud of gas and dust, is called RCW 34 or chewing gum 19. The brightest areas you can see are where the young stars heat the gas. Over time, the gas exploded like champagne after uncorking a bottle. Scientists call this champagne flow. This new image of the nebula was captured by the Very Large Telescope of the European Space Organization in Chile. RCW 34 is in the constellation of Vela in the southern sky. The name means "sails of a ship" in Latin.

The Hubble Space Telescope captured images of the three great moons of Jupiter, Io, Callisto and Europa, which happened at the same time.

Using powerful optics, astronomers have found a planet-like body, J1407b, with rings 200 times larger than Saturn's. This is an artistic representation of the rings of the planet J1407b, which are eclipsing a star.

A patch of stars seems to be missing in this image from the La Silla Observatory in Chile. But the stars are still there behind a cloud of gas and dust called Lynds Dark Nebula 483. The cloud is about 700 light years from Earth in the constellation Serpens (The Serpent).

This is the largest image of the Hubble Space Telescope ever badembled. It is a part of the galaxy next door, Andromeda (M31).

NASA has captured a new and surprising image of the so-called "Pillars of Creation", one of the most iconic discoveries of the space agency. The giant columns of cold gas, in a small region of the Eagle Nebula, were popularized by a similar image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope in 1995.

Astronomers using the Hubble Space put together this image showing a small section of space in the southern hemisphere constellation Fornax. Within this image of deep space there are 10,000 galaxies, which go back in time to a few hundred million years after the Big Bang.

The planetary nebula Abell 33 appears as a ring in this image, taken with the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory. The blue bubble was created when an aging star shed its outer layers and a star in the foreground aligned with it to create a "diamond engagement ring" effect.

This Hubble image looks like a floating marble or maybe a giant, disembodied eye. But in reality it is a nebula with a giant star in the center. Scientists think that the star used to be 20 times more mbadive than our sun, but it is dying and is destined to become a supernova.


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