Most of us will remember 2020 primarily as a year of great pandemics, but it should not be forgotten how good years were, given the circumstances of space exploration and astronomy. NASA astronauts exploded into space in May as part of SpaceX’s Crew Dragon capsule. New research It turned out that there may be more water on the moon than before. Scientists debate whether Venus is harming life in its clouds after the discovery of phosphine. Betelges continued to dim, raising doubts that it might soon be Nova. Researchers observed an exciting asymmetrical series of radio signals.
While 2021 won’t magically reset our reality, there’s plenty to look forward to next year, especially in the realm of space news. Even if you are not a space enthusiast, it is amazing what a little surprise and amazement can feel for your mindset. It helps to put our place in the world in perspective and reminds us that we are part of something bigger; Learning about our universe is a great way to tap into it. If you are feeling that there is nothing to look forward to next year, consider adding one of these missions to your list.
NASA to launch Q-Pace
Originally planned to launch earlier this month, the CubeSat Particle Aggregation and Coalition Experiment (Q-Pace) is now scheduled to take off from the Mojave Air and Space Port on 15 January 2021. Q-Pace is a 3U CubeSat, a type of small, modular spacecraft designed to study the collision and aggregation of small particles in a chamber as part of a three-year microgravity experiment. The mission aims to develop a database of small-particle interactions in microgravity at low velocity. This information will help researchers to better understand the early coagulation process that led to planetary formation.
“The Q-Pace mission will last for three years, providing an opportunity to study the events of adhesion and fragmentation that occur only rarely, such as the simultaneous collision of three or more particles,” NASA. telling About the mission. “The mission will proceed in several stages with the introduction of different types of particles in the ETC, starting with large solid spherical particles, and finishing with a set of micron-sized dust and chondroles.”
Mars2020 will finally get to work
2021 will usher in a new chapter in the field of Martian discoveries. Summer, Mission Mars2020 Launched into space. But on 1 but february 2021 Fortitude Rover ‘Jjero Crater’ to finally land on Mars. Its mission is expected to last for 687 Earth days or one Earth year.
According to NASA, the primary science objectives of Mars 2020 are “to identify past environments capable of supporting micro-organisms, to look for signs of possible past microorganism life, to collect samples of core rock and rigoliths and to make them available for future missions. Is caching on the surface and testing oxygen. ” Production from the martyr environment. ”
One of the most exciting parts of the mission is that the samples collected will return to Earth. Sample return missions are highly unusual due to their expense; In particular, sample return missions from another planet have never occurred.
“Returning samples of Mars to Earth has been a goal of planetary scientists since the early days of the space age, and the successful completion of this MSR [Mars Sample Return] The critical decision point is an important next step to turn this goal into reality, ” said Thomas Zurbuchen, Associate Administrator for Science at NASA Headquarters. “MSR is a complex mission, and it expands the very essence of pioneering space exploration – pushing the boundaries of what is capable and, in doing so, advancing our understanding of our place in the universe.”
As part of the Mars 2020 mission, NASA will also deploy Simplicity Helicopter from Rover to study Martian environments. This NASA study will help produce oxygen from Mars’ carbon dioxide atmosphere, an important step for the future of human exploration on Mars.
Parker Solar Probe Will Make Two More Venus Flybees
The car-size probe, which was launched in 2018, is scheduled to make its fourth and fifth Venus flyby in 2021, in February and October respectively. The two flybys are part of a longer journey to get closest to the Sun. In 2025.
Salon As First Explained, These flybys are unique because they are taking advantage of the gravity of Venus to slow the probe to its arrival in a close orbit around the sun. The investigation will conduct seven flybys in seven years.
“While this sounds bizarre, the laws of physics allow any two objects with mass to exchange their motion, which increases speed while slowing each other,” Salon Keith Spencer previously reported. “This method that is often used to send spacecraft to the far reaches of the solar system without using fuel as fast as it would otherwise be.”
James Webb Space Telescope Launched
On October 31, 2021, approximately $ 9 billion James Webb Space Telescope – the successor to the Hubble Telescope – will launch from a port near Kouru, French Guiana. Its mission is to observe the first galaxies to form in the early universe, in addition to seeing the stars that make up the planets. According to NASA, it will be the leading observatory of 2020 and will help thousands of astronomers around the world.
“[James Webb] Will study how different the first stars were from the stars around us today, because there was no metal forming the stars of today, ” said Massimo Stiavelli, Mission Head, Space Telescope Science Institute, in an interview with NasaSpaceflight.com. “The stars had to make that. [James Webb] Is the only telescope designed to study those early eras. “
Lunar polar hydrogen mapper will map water to the moon
Scientists previously suspected that water was present in the shadowy, cold parts of the moon – such as its poles, where it would remain frozen – but A pair of studies published in 2020 Confirmed that there is a large amount of water on its sunny areas. Lunar Polar Hydrogen Mapper (LunaH-Map) Further, our knowledge of water on the moon exists in permanently shaded lunar polar craters for the purpose of orbiting the moon to determine the amount of water ice. It will do this by using a small neutron spectrometer to count the epithelial neutrons. Sho-shaped spacecraft will be launched no later than November 2021.