MIAMI – Teens who feel that their parents rarely express an interest in their emotional well-being are much more likely to consider suicide than young people who consider their parents to be involved, US researchers reported.
The findings of the University of Cincinnati appear when the suicide rate among teens in the United States increases, raising concerns among parents, educators, and health experts.
Only in the last month, a 10-year-old girl in Colorado and a 13-year-old girl in California were hanged. Her parents say that bullying at school contributed to the girls' deaths.
"Parents ask us all the time," What can we do? "Said Keith King, who coordinates the Ph.D. program in education and health promotion at the University of Cincinnati. "Children need to know that someone is turning their back on them, and unfortunately, many of them do not, that's a big problem."
King and his colleague, Rebecca Vidourek, based their findings on a 2012 national survey of people aged 12 and older that revealed a significant link between parent behavior and suicide among adolescents.
They found that those most affected by the behavior of the parents were those of 12 and 13 years old.
Children in this age group who said their parents rarely or never told them they were proud of them were almost five times more likely to have suicidal thoughts. They were also almost seven times more likely to formulate a suicide plan and seven times more likely to attempt suicide.
An unusually high risk of suicide was also observed in 12- and 13-year-old children whose parents rarely or never said they did a good job or helped them with their homework.
Among older teens, ages 16 and 17, those who said their parents rarely or never said they were proud of them were three times more likely to have suicidal thoughts, almost four times more likely to make a suicidal plan and attempting suicide than peers whose parents sometimes or often expressed pride for their children.
The researchers acknowledged that the survey was based on young people's perceptions of their parents' behavior and that some parents may disagree with the way their children responded.
"The perceptions of young people are extremely important for suicidal ideation and attempts," King said in an email. "Sometimes parents think they are involved, but from the adolescent's perspective, no."
Some ways that parents can protect themselves against suicide include "direct communication and direct interactions that are authoritative in nature between the parent and the adolescent," "he added.
Adolescents may also be more likely to try drugs or risky sexual behavior if parents are not adequately engaged, King said.
"One key is to ensure that children feel positively connected to their parents and family," said Vidourek, who serves as co-director of the University's Science Center. Prevention, along with King.
The study did not delve into the completion of suicide by adolescents, but if they had suicidal thoughts, they made plans or tried
A report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention US diseases earlier this year found that the adolescent suicide rate doubled between 2007 and 2015, and increased 30 percent among children. [1 9659002] About 5,900 young people between the ages of 10 and 24 committed suicide in the United States in 2015, according to government figures.
Experts say that a variety of factors contribute to the risk of suicide, including depression and mental health, negative influences on society means, intimidation, financial struggles and exposure to violence.
King said that certain basic behaviors of parents can help.
"You can tell them you're proud of them, they did a good job, they got involved with them and they helped them with their homework," King said.
The research was presented at this year's conference of the American Public Health Association in Atlanta.