4 Catalan separatist leaders will remain in jail, 6 others released on bail: bidirectional: NPR – tech2.org

4 Catalan separatist leaders will remain in jail, 6 others released on bail: bidirectional: NPR



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Catalan members of the Spanish parliament speak to the press outside the Estremera prison, outside Madrid, on Monday. A judge of the Supreme Court of Spain granted bail to six former members of the Catalan government imprisoned, while two other politicians and two activists will remain in jail.

Pablo Blazquez Dominguez / Getty Images


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Pablo Blazquez Dominguez / Getty Images

Catalan members of the Spanish parliament speak to the press outside Estremera prison, outside Madrid, on Monday. A judge of the Supreme Court of Spain granted bail to six former members of the Catalan government imprisoned, while two other politicians and two activists will remain in jail.

Pablo Blazquez Domínguez / Getty Images

Four Catalan politicians and activists will remain in Spanish custody after a judge denied bail to separatist leaders, including the former vice president of Catalonia, who participates in the December 21 special elections and will campaign from behind the jail. .

Six other separatist leaders have been released on bail, for a sum of 100,000 euros (about $ 118,000) each, reports The Associated Press. The judge also ordered the confiscation of those politicians' pbadports.

The deposed president of Catalonia, Carles Puigdemont, remains in exile in Belgium, along with four of his allies, says the AP. It is expected that a Belgian court will decide on December 14 about the possibility of extradition to Spain.

  The ousted Catalan president surrenders to the police in Brussels

The political leaders were arrested -or the case of Puigdemont, fled the country- after Catalonia declared independence from Spain and Madrid responded with an offensive.

The previously semi-autonomous region (which has its own language and culture) is now governed by the direct government of the central government of Spain. Madrid also dissolved the Catalan government and called new regional elections on December 21.

The PA has more:

"The early elections are an attempt to find a democratic solution to the worst crisis in the nation in almost four decades, but the vote is shaping up as a plebiscite among those in favor and against independence, and polls predict a closed race between the two sides.

"Adding to the uncertainty, a Supreme Court judge decided Monday to defend the preventive imprisonment of deposed Catalan Vice President Oriol Junqueras, who heads the ready for the left republican ERC party.

"ERC was part of the old Catalan ruling coalition with the conservative party of Puigdemont, but leads the polls before the new elections.

" Official campaign begins at midnight on Monday.

"Junqueras and the other incarcerated politicians committed last week to renouncing efforts to seek unilateral independence for the rich northeastern region, hoping to be released. [19659008]" But Judge Pablo Llarena said in his decision on Monday that remains to be seen if Junqueras' promise to respect Spanish law is "true and real". "

The four men who remain in jail include Junqueras and the former interior minister of Catalonia, reports the BBC, along with two pro-independence base activists.

The six men released on bail are former members of the government regional Catalan, including the ministers of justice, labor and culture, says the station.

  While the protesters obstruct Catalonia, the court turns off the Declaration of Independence

The imprisonment of these men was part of the dramatic remodeling of the policy Catalan that was developed in October

On the first of the month, Catalonia held a referendum on the separation of Spain, Madrid denounced the referendum as illegal and tried to block the vote of the voters, the Catalan supporters of the unit stayed away from The ballot box persisted and, despite the fact that the region was divided on the issue of independence, he said that the results The pro-separatist referendum was a mandate to demand independence [196]. 59025] In Spain, confusion and uncertainty about the future of Catalonia “/>

In the middle of the month, Puigdemont had made an ambiguous speech saying that there was a "mandate" of independence, raising questions and creating confusion both in Barcelona and Madrid. But the central government of Spain swore that if was a declaration of independence, they would respond firmly to reclaim central control of the region.

And when October came to an end, both governments made it official. The Catalan legislators formally declared independence, and Spain quickly dissolved that government, invoked direct government and arrested the politicians who came to work.

But the roots of this conflict begin long before October 1. Lauren Frayer, who has reported to NPR in Madrid and Barcelona, ​​explains the story:

"After the end of 1975 the dictatorship of almost four decades of General Francisco Franco, during which some ethnic and national groups were repressed disparate of Spain, the survival of the new Spanish democracy was thought to rest on the return of powers to the regions, reversing the centralized power of the dictator.

"The Constitution after the Franco regime of 1978 recognized 17 autonomous regions, many of which , like Catalonia, they have their own languages, cultures and traditions. The regions enjoy powers to establish policies for many services, including health care and education, but they depend on the central government to collect taxes and redistribute funds.

"The financial aspects of the agreement have long been a central complaint of industrialized Catalonia. It is the richest region in Spain and essentially subsidizes poorer parts of Spain …

" The Catalan separatists have already established a new tax agency to collect revenues if the region separates from Spain. But it is not clear whether independence would be a net financial gain for Catalonia, given the costs of border control, foreign relations and possibly the creation of an army, which are currently paid by Madrid.

"Any new country in Catalonia would also be forced to leave the European Union, at least initially, it could continue using the euro as its de facto currency, but it is not clear if the new central bank that it should create could issue debt in euros. "

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