A new report has a severe warning for the global workforce: stay flexible.
The McKinsey Global Institute warns that 375 million workers will need to change occupational categories by 2030 due to automation.
Work with the highest risk of automation includes physical work in predictable environments, such as operating machinery or preparing fast food. Data collection and processing are also under scrutiny, with implications for mortgage origination, legal badistants, accounts and back-office processing.
To remain viable, workers must adopt recycling in different fields. But governments and companies should help soften what could be a difficult transition.
"The model where people go to school for the first 20 years of life and work over the next 40 or 50 years breaks down," said Susan Lund, a partner at the McKinsey Global Institute and co-author of the report. CNN Tech. "We will have to think about learning and training throughout their career."
The authors believe that we can see a mbadive transition to a scale not seen since the early 1900s, when workers moved from farms to factories. The report also cites the possible need for an effort on the same scale as the Marshall Plan, when the United States spent billions to rebuild Western Europe after World War II.
Such plan would include a large investment of public and private sectors in new training programs and labor transition programs.
Related: Robots: Is your work at risk?
Despite the challenges that lie ahead, the report revealed how workers can move forward. While the introduction of the personal computer in the 1980s eliminated some jobs, it created many more roles. Workers who are willing to develop new skills should be able to find new jobs.
"The terrible predictions that the robots are taking our jobs are exaggerated," said Lund. "Yes, the work will be automated, [but] there will be enough jobs for everyone in most areas."
The authors do not expect that automation will displace jobs that involve the management of people, social interactions or the application of knowledge. Gardeners, plumbers, children and elderly care workers are among those who face the least risk of automation.
The starting point: if you want to breathe easily, keep your people in shape.
CNNMoney (Washington) First publication on November 28, 2017: 7:21 PM ET