The US House investigation report into two Boeing 737 MAX crashes that killed 346 people, blamed the aircraft manufacturer and the Federal Aviation Administration for “repeated and serious failures”.
The fatal accidents in Indonesia in October 2018 and in Ethiopia in March 2019 were “the horrific culmination of a series of flawed technical assumptions by Boeing’s engineers, lack of transparency on behalf of Boeing’s management, and highly inadequate oversight by the FAA,” Transport and Basic The report released Wednesday by the Democratic-controlled House committee on the structure states.
The committee’s chairman, Rep. Peter DeFazio, D-Ore., Said in a statement that the report, written by Democratic staffers, “shows how Boeing – under pressure to compete with Airbus and leverage for Wall Street – investigates from the FAA Withdrew important information from the pilots who escaped, and eventually put the planes into service, killing 346 innocent people. “
“What is particularly breaching is that both Boeing and the FAA have gambled with public safety in the critical time period between the two accidents,” he said.
In October 2018, a Lion Air crash in Indonesia that killed 189 people, Ethiopian Airlines crashed five months later, soon after takeoff, killing all 157 people.
Boeing said in a statement after the release of the report that it was “dedicated to doing the necessary work”.
“We have learned many hard lessons as a company from the crashes of Lion Air Flight 610 and Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302, and the mistakes we have made,” the company said. “As this report acknowledges, we have made fundamental changes to our company as a result, and continue to look for ways to improve.”
The FAA said in a statement that it “looks forward to working with the committee to implement the reforms introduced in its report.”
“We are already taking significant initiatives based on our internal reviews as well as independent reviews of Lion Air and Ethiopian Airlines accidents,” the agency said.
DeFazio said that the House committee decided to release the report after its 18-month investigation, “not only on the broken security culture at Boeing, but because of gaps in the regulatory system at the FAA, which has led to this largely flawed service” Aircraft allowed. “
The committee’s statement said its 239-page report reveals “repeated and serious failures” by Boeing and the FAA, with more than 70 investigative findings.
The report claimed that Boeing made “extensive efforts to cut costs” due to financial pressure and refused to slow down its 737 MAX production line, endangering safety.
It is also alleged that Boeing withheld “critical information” from the FAA, and that the federal agency’s regulation with respect to Boeing was hurt by its current monitoring structure, which “creates inherent conflicts of interest.”